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The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of melatonin on oxidative stress, DNA fragmentation, apoptsis and proliferation in thymus tissue of rats exposed to microwaves. Wistar rats were divided in four groups: I - treated with saline; II - treated with melatonin; III - microwaves exposed; IV - microwaves exposed and melatonin treated. Melatonin (2(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are used widely for the treatment of patients with various disorders, including autoimmune diseases, allergies, and lymphoproliferative disorders. Glucocorticoid therapy is often limited by several adverse reactions associated with GC excess. Excess GC can elicit a variety of symptoms and signs, including growth retardation in children;(More)
The aim of the study is to investigate the hypothesis that agmatine (AGM) enhances blood brain barrier (BBB) compounds properties in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), which is an established animal model for studying multiple sclerosis (MS). Wild-type (WT) and knockout (KO) CBA/H iNOS−/− mice, 3 months old (15 ± 5 g) were used for EAE(More)
Genetic contribution of tumor necrosis factor polymorphism (TNF-alpha-308G/A) in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) on response to TNF blocking agents, as well as matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) production, is not yet well established. We have investigated whether the TNF-alpha-308G/A polymorphism can influence MMP-9 level and clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The scope of this study is the examination of NO(2)+NO(3), 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), S-nitrosothiols (RSNO), arginase activity and asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethyl-L-arginine concentrations in plasma of MS patients during interferon-β1b therapy. METHODS The study population included 15 (12 women, 3 men) untreated MS patients and 12(More)
Under physiological conditions insulin controls the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by a disturbance in the intermediary metabolism of glucose and glucose-induced insulin release. Arginase (L-arginine amidinohydrolase, EC modulates nitric oxide synthase activity by regulating(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are proteolytic enzymes that are involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes, including those in CNS. In this study, plasma values of MMP-3 and MMP-9 have been compared in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients during their acute attacks, in(More)
The immune response can be triggered by molecules derived from microorganisms (PAMP) or from molecules derived from damaged or dead host cells, known as the damage-associated molecular-pattern molecules (DAMP). Their immune effects are accompanied by altered redox environment. The level of stable end products of nitric oxide (NO)- plasma nitrate and nitrite(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease resulting from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the regulatory regions of cytokine and antioxidant enzyme genes may affect cytokine production and enzyme activity, and thus play a contributory role in asthma pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES The aim of this(More)
Pneumatic tourniquets are widely used in pediatric extremity surgery to provide a bloodless field and facilitate dissection. This prospective study was carried out to examine possible effect of different anesthesia techniques on oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction connected with ischemia-reperfusion injury during extremity operations at children's(More)