Jelena Schmidt

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During the last decade, there has been a dramatic increase in intravenous drug use in young adults in Estonia with an increased incidence of both hepatitis B and C as a consequence. Since genetic data are limited regarding hepatitis C virus (HCV) strains in Estonia, the aim of the study was to characterize HCV strains in different risk groups to determine(More)
Complete or almost complete hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were sequenced for 13 genotype A and 42 genotype D strains from the former USSR. The strains were classifiable within subgenotypes A2, D1, D2 and D3. Comparison of the deduced gene products for the four ORFs of 89 genotype D strains revealed 27 subgenotype-specific residues, and a region spanning(More)
An earlier study has indicated that a complex recombinant HIV-1 strain dominates the epidemic in Estonia. The objective of this study was to further investigate the molecular epidemiology and genetic structure of HIV-1 in Estonia. Most of the investigated individuals became infected after August 2000 when HIV-1 started to spread rapidly among Estonian(More)
Distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) geno(sub)types among 215 Estonian patients hospitalized with acute or chronic hepatitis and with HCV RNA-positive sera was investigated. For genotyping, both multiplex PCR with subtype-specific primers of the core region and RFLP analysis of cDNA of the 5' NCR region were used. These two methods permitted a correct(More)
All non-B HIV-1 subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) are characterized by several polymorphisms in protease (PR) region. In addition, in recent years the increasing use of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has rapidly raised the spread of transmitted drug resistance. We aimed to determine the presence of naturally occurring polymorphisms and(More)
The expression of RNA tumor virus was studied in BDF1 mice after leukemogenic treatment with a single dose of methylnitrosourea (MNU) and in leukemic thymuses by a cell ELISA using antibodies against the viral glycoprotein gp 70 and by co-culture for the detection of eco- and xenotropic virus. The majority of the thymomas were positive for gp 70; ecotropic,(More)
Natural polymorphisms of HIV-1, often associated with drug resistance, are widely described in protease and reverse transcriptase regions but data on their presence in the integrase region, especially in non-B subtypes, are still very limited. We aimed to characterize naturally occurring polymorphisms in the integrase region in 104 treatment-naive and 10(More)
The protective effect in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) of an experimental subunit vaccine targeting antigens in the parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis has been evaluated and compared to effects elicited by a classical parasite homogenate vaccine. Three recombinant parasite proteins (two produced in E. coli and one in insect cells) were combined and(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) isolates from a large outbreak and from non-outbreak cases in Estonia were characterized by sequencing the aminoterminal VP1 region. From January 1998 to December 1999, a total of 1084 cases of hepatitis A were reported to the Harjumaa-Tallinn and Ida-Virumaa Health Protection Services in Estonia. The attack rate was highest among(More)
A conventional in vitro test assay was used to determine maximal bactericidal capabilities of human granulocytes. By means of a mathematical model the maximal phagocytosis and killing activity could be calculated for S. aureus and P. aeruginosa serving as test organisms. The evaluation allowed moreover the determination of the optimal bacterial load and(More)