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PURPOSE To investigate the patterns of regional gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) atrophy, WM microstructural tissue damage, and changes in patients with a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis at 2 years from clinical onset. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval and written informed consent from all(More)
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare, still not well understood, autoimmune disease with neurological and psychiatric manifestations. and elevated titers of antithyroid antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a hallmark of the disease. Patients are mostly women. Current diagnostic criteria include corticosteroide responsiveness, but it is(More)
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant disorder most commonly caused by a 1.5-Mb deletion in chromosome 17p11.2 which contains the peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) gene. Mutations resulting in functional loss of one PMP22 gene copy are less frequent. We present a 51-year-old patient with a l.5-Mb(More)
OBJECTIVE Based on the theories of brain reserve and cognitive reserve, we investigated whether larger maximal lifetime brain growth (MLBG) and/or greater lifetime intellectual enrichment protect against cognitive decline over time. METHODS Forty patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) underwent baseline and 4.5-year follow-up evaluations of cognitive(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether a structural disconnection between the cerebellum and the cerebral hemispheres contributes to cerebellar and brainstem symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the local ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from each participant. Brain T2 lesion load, cerebellar(More)
INTRODUCTION Periodic relapses are one of the main characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS), from which recovery is often incomplete despite high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) treatment. The aim of our study was to evaluate the potential benefits of short-term HDMP combined with multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) in persons with MS in relapse in(More)
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy Lom type (HMSNL), also called CMT 4D, a hereditary autosomal recessive neuropathy, caused by mutation in N-Myc downstream regulated gene 1 (NDRG1 gene), was first described in a Bulgarian Gypsy population near Lom and later has been found in Gypsy communities in Italy, Spain, Slovenia and Hungary. We present two(More)
Cognitive impairment is prevalent in multiple sclerosis (MS) occurring in 43–72 % of patients with all MS phenotypes. The aim of our study was to assess cognitive performance in different MS subtypes in Serbian population. Rao’s Brief Repeatable Battery of neuropsychological tests (BRB-N) was administered to 168 MS patients [37 patients with clinically(More)
The Patient-Reported Impact of Spasticity Measure (PRISM) has been developed recently to assess the impact of spasticity on quality of life after spinal cord injury. Although PRISM may also be useful in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), its psychometric properties in MS have not been established and PRISM is currently available only in English. The(More)