Jelena Levitskaya

Learn More
IFN-gamma regulates the immunogenicity of target cells by increasing their expression of HLA class I molecules. This facilitates the T cell receptor-mediated recognition by CD8(+) T cells but decreases target cell sensitivity to lysis by NK cells due to engagement of inhibitory NK receptors. In this study, short-term tumor cell lines from patients with(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded nuclear antigen (EBNA1) is expressed in latently EBV-infected B lymphocytes that persist for life in healthy virus carriers, and is the only viral protein regularly detected in all malignancies associated with EBV. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted, EBNA1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)(More)
Atg8 is a ubiquitin-like autophagy protein in eukaryotes that is covalently attached (lipidated) to the elongating autophagosomal membrane. Autophagy is increasingly appreciated as a target in diverse diseases from cancer to eukaryotic parasitic infections. Some of the autophagy machinery is conserved in the malaria parasite, Plasmodium. Although Atg8's(More)
Mechanisms responsible for resistance of tumors to death receptor-mediated damage by cytotoxic lymphocytes are not well understood. Uveal melanoma cells expressed Fas but were insensitive to Fas triggering induced by bystander cytotoxic T lymphocytes or a Fas-specific agonistic antibody; this could not be ascribed to tumor counterattack against T cells or(More)
Several proteins that play key roles in cholesterol synthesis, regulation, trafficking and signaling are united by sharing the phylogenetically conserved 'sterol-sensing domain' (SSD). The intracellular parasite Toxoplasma possesses at least one gene coding for a protein containing the canonical SSD. We investigated the role of this protein to provide(More)
The mechanisms of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I downregulation during Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) replication are not well characterized. Here we show that in several cell lines infected with a recombinant EBV strain encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP), the virus lytic cycle coincides with GFP expression, which thus can be used as a(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded nuclear antigen (EBNA) 1 is expressed in latently infected B lymphocytes that persist for life in healthy virus carriers and is the only viral protein regularly detected in all EBV associated malignancies. The Gly-Ala repeat domain of EBNA1 was shown to inhibit in cis the presentation of major histocompatibility complex(More)
We have investigated the reactivity to two human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) A11-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes derived from amino acids 416-424 (IVTDFSVIK, designated IVT) and 399-408 (AVFDRKSVAK, designated AVF) of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen (EBNA) 4. A strong predominance of CTL clones specific for the(More)
We have investigated the presentation and CTL recognition of an HLA A*1101-restricted CTL peptide epitope AVFDRKSDAK (AVF)(3), derived from the EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) 4, in the context of alleles belonging to the A3-supertype, A*0101, 0301, 1101, 3101, 3301, and 6801. The peptide binds to a A*6801 molecule as efficiently as to A*1101. The A*6801:AVF(More)
Defects of antigen processing/presentation have been suggested to play a role in the escape of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) from cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated rejection. Impaired presentation of an immunodominant HLA A11-restricted epitope from the resident or recombinant vaccinia virus-expressed Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA)4 was(More)