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Control of parasite replication exerted by MHC class I restricted CD8+ T-cells in the liver is critical for vaccination-induced protection against malaria. While many intracellular pathogens subvert the MHC class I presentation machinery, its functionality in the course of malaria replication in hepatocytes has not been characterized. Using experimental(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded nuclear antigen (EBNA1) is expressed in latently EBV-infected B lymphocytes that persist for life in healthy virus carriers, and is the only viral protein regularly detected in all malignancies associated with EBV. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted, EBNA1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded nuclear antigen (EBNA) 1 is expressed in latently infected B lymphocytes that persist for life in healthy virus carriers and is the only viral protein regularly detected in all EBV associated malignancies. The Gly-Ala repeat domain of EBNA1 was shown to inhibit in cis the presentation of major histocompatibility complex(More)
We have investigated the reactivity to two human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) A11-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes derived from amino acids 416-424 (IVTDFSVIK, designated IVT) and 399-408 (AVFDRKSVAK, designated AVF) of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen (EBNA) 4. A strong predominance of CTL clones specific for the(More)
IFN-gamma regulates the immunogenicity of target cells by increasing their expression of HLA class I molecules. This facilitates the T cell receptor-mediated recognition by CD8(+) T cells but decreases target cell sensitivity to lysis by NK cells due to engagement of inhibitory NK receptors. In this study, short-term tumor cell lines from patients with(More)
A decrease in the expression of HLA antigens is considered a characteristic of tumor progression and is considered an important tumor-escape mechanism. In general, HLA Class I expression is even further decreased on metastases. Tumor cells that loose their HLA Class I antigens become less susceptible to lysis by specific T cells, but may become more(More)
It is demonstrated that similar to interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces coordinated changes at different steps of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I processing and presentation pathway in nonprofessional antigen-presenting cells (APCs). TNF-alpha up-regulates the expression of 3 catalytic(More)
While the role of malaria parasite-specific memory CD8(+) T cells in the control of exo-erythrocytic stages of malaria infection is well documented and generally accepted, a debate is still ongoing regarding both the identity of the anatomic site where the activation of naive pathogen-specific T cells is taking place and contribution of different(More)
The HER-2/neu (HER-2) oncogene is expressed in normal epithelial surfaces at low levels and overexpressed in several types of tumors. The low immunogenicity against this self tumor Ag can be improved by developing epitopes with amino acid replacements in their sequences. In this study, three HER-2/neu.369 (HER-2.369) analogue peptides, produced by modifying(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is often described as an unfavorable target for both HLA-restricted and death receptor-mediated elimination by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) due to low or absent HLA class I and caspase-8 expression. We investigated the effects of soluble factors released by CTLs activated by TCR triggering (named as activated supernatant; AS) on the(More)