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Acyclovir, penciclovir, and their prodrugs have been widely used during the past two decades for the treatment of herpesvirus infections. In spite of the distribution of over 2.3 x 10(6) kg of these nucleoside analogues, the prevalence of acyclovir resistance in herpes simplex virus isolates from immunocompetent hosts has remained stable at approximately(More)
Biotin-labelled DNA probes, prepared by nick-translation in the presence of biotinylated analogs of TTP, are hybridized to DNA or RNA immobilized on nitrocellulose filters. After removal of residual probe, the filters are incubated for 2--5 min with a preformed complex made with avidin-DH (or streptavidin) and biotinylated polymers of intestinal alkaline(More)
Antiviral treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections with nucleoside analogues has been well established for >2 decades, but isolation of drug-resistant HSV from immunocompetent patients has remained infrequent (0.1%-0.7% of isolates) during this period. Even when drug-resistant HSV is isolated from an immunocompetent patient, this virus, with rare(More)
A method of in situ cytohybridization is described for the detection of specific viral genomes in infected cell cultures or paraffin-embedded tissue sections without the use of radioisotopes. Biotin-labeled analogs of TTP are incorporated into viral DNA in vitro by nick translation and the resultant DNA probes hybridized to cytologic samples. Cells(More)
The linear single-stranded DNA genome of minute virus of mice, an autonomous parvovirus, was cloned in duplex form into the bacterial plasmid pBR322. The recombinant clones of minute virus of mice were infectious when transfected into monolayers of human 324K cells and produced virus plaques with an efficiency of about 6% that obtained with duplex(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infects cells after binding of the viral envelope glycoprotein gp120 to the cell surface recognition marker CD4. gp120 is noncovalently associated with the HIV transmembrane envelope glycoprotein gp41, and this complex is believed responsible for the initial stages of HIV infection and cytopathic events in infected cells.(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) replicates in peripheral tissues and forms latent infections in neurons of the peripheral nervous system. It can be reactivated from latency by various stimuli to cause recurrent disease. During lytic infection in tissue culture cells, there is a well-described temporal pattern of (i) immediate-early, (ii) early, and (iii) late(More)
The proportion of acyclovir (ACV)-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) isolates in clinical specimens and laboratory isolates was determined. HSV isolates in clinical specimens and laboratory isolates were cultured in the absence or presence of 5 microg of ACV per ml. The frequency of ACV-resistant HSV was calculated as (average virus titer in the wells(More)