Jeffrey Zimmerman

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the annual cost of infections attributable to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus to US swine producers. DESIGN Economic analysis. SAMPLE POPULATION Data on the health and productivity of PRRS-affected and PRRS-unaffected breeding herds and growing-pig populations were collected from a convenience sample of(More)
The porcine tonsils are a group of lymphoepithelial tissues located at the common openings of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. The tonsils participate in a variety of functions involving innate, cellular and humoral immunity at the local and systemic levels. Among these immunological functions is the continuous surveillance for the presence of(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) viruses are recognized as possessing a high degree of genetic and antigenic variability. Viral diversity has led to questions regarding the association of virus mutation and persistent infection in the host and has raised concerns vis-à-vis protective immunity, the ability of diagnostic assays to detect(More)
Four seronegative adult boars were intranasally inoculated with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolate VR-2332. Serum and semen were collected 2-3 times weekly for over 100 days postinoculation (DPI). Serum samples were assayed for PRRSV by virus isolation (VI) and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and screened for antibodies to(More)
Multiparous sows from 19 central Iowa swine farms were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by the modified direct agglutination test. Antibody titers of 1:32 or greater were considered positive. Rodents, domestic cats, opossums (Didelphis virginiana), raccoons (Procyon lotor) and striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) were live-trapped on each farm(More)
Isolation of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from oral fluids was first reported in 1997. The objective of the present study was to determine whether PRRSV and/or anti-PRRSV antibodies were present in oral fluids at diagnostic levels. The level and duration of PRRSV and anti-PRRSV antibodies in serum and oral fluids was evaluated(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes a devastating disease in swine. The presence and transmission of PRRSV by boar semen has been demonstrated by using a swine bioassay. In this assay, 4- to 8-week-old pigs were inoculated intraperitoneally with semen from PRRSV-infected boars. Seroconversion of these piglets indicated the(More)
Infection of porcine alveolar macrophages by the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) was significantly enhanced in vitro by antibody raised against the PRRSV isolate ISU-P (p < 0.01). Increased yields and infection rates were highly correlated (r = 0.95) and the ratio of yield to infection rate was greater than 1.4, suggesting that(More)
A longitudinal study was conducted to characterize the immune response of young swine to infection with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2). Five 8-week-old cesarean-derived, colostrum-deprived pigs were inoculated intranasally and intramuscularly with a field isolate of PCV-2 at a concentration of 10(4) TCID50/mL. Along with monitoring for clinical signs and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether oral fluid samples could be used to monitor individually-housed adult boars for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. In 3 trials, 24 boars were intramuscularly (IM) inoculated with a modified-live PRRSV (MLV) vaccine (Trial 1), a Type 1 PRRSV isolate (Trial 2), or a Type 2(More)