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Self-adhesive resin cements were introduced to dentistry within the past decade but have gained rapidly in popularity with more than a dozen commercial brands now available. This review article explores their chemical composition and its effect on the setting reaction and adhesion to various substrates, their physical and biological properties that may help(More)
Composite dental restorations represent a unique class of biomaterials with severe restrictions on biocompatibility, curing behavior, esthetics, and ultimate material properties. These materials are presently limited by shrinkage and polymerization-induced shrinkage stress, limited toughness, the presence of unreacted monomer that remains following the(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify the influence of radiant exposure (H) on contraction stress (CS), degree of conversion (DC) and mechanical properties of two restorative composites. METHODS Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE) and Heliomolar (Ivoclar) were photoactivated with 6, 12, 24, or 36 J/cm2 at continuous irradiance of 600 mW/cm2. CS at 10 min was determined in a low(More)
A light-activated polycaprolactone dimethacrylate (PCM) and hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) based gel network was developed to sustain the release of stable, active bevacizumab (an anti-VEGF antibody used to treat choroidal neovascularization) and used to assess sustained ex vivo delivery in rabbit eyes and in vivo delivery in rat eyes following in situ(More)
Optical properties of composite restoratives, both cured and uncured, are of obvious importance in a procedure reliant on photoactivation, since they may affect light transmission and therefore materials conversion upon which mechanical properties and ultimate clinical performance are dependent. The objective of the present study was to evaluate(More)
Different monomer structures lead to different physical and mechanical properties for both the monomers and the polymers. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of the bisphenylglycidyl dimethacrylate (BisGMA) concentration (33, 50 or 66 mol%) and the co-monomer content [triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), ethoxylated bisphenol-A(More)
UNLABELLED The development and continued evolution of photopolymerizable dental materials, particularly dental composite restoratives, represent a significant, practical advance for dentistry. The highly successful integration of the light-activated curing process for dental applications is described in this review. The basic mechanisms by which the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates the effect of cure rate on the mechanical properties of a common dimethacrylate dental resin formulation (75/25 wt% bis-GMA/TEGDMA). METHODS The polymerization rate and final conversion of the exact specimens subsequently used for mechanical testing were monitored by near-infrared (near-IR) spectroscopy. The glass(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine the effect of modest external heating on the photopolymerization kinetics and conversion of commercial dental composite restorative materials. METHODS A transmission-mode, real-time near-infrared spectroscopic technique was used to monitor the photopolymerization process in the composite materials at(More)
The accurate and reliable characterization of the polymerization shrinkage stress is becoming increasingly important, as the shrinkage stress still is a major drawback of current dimethacrylate-based dental materials and restricts its range of applications. The purpose of this research is to develop a novel shrinkage stress measurement device to elucidate(More)