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A new rapid method for fractionation of crude synaptosomes (postmitochondrial pellet, P2) on a discontinuous 4-step Percoll gradient is described. The homogeneity and integrity of the 5 major subcellular fractions were determined by analysis of the distribution of protein, lactate dehydrogenase, cytochrome oxidase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, synapsin I (a(More)
A method for preparation of synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex, on a discontinuous Percoll gradient, was previously developed for use with a P2 pellet (Brain Research, 372 (1986) 115-129). Here the Percoll method has been adapted for use with an S1-supernatant which eliminates a potentially damaging resuspension step and saves over 30 min, representing a(More)
The Trembler mouse has a dysymelination of peripheral nerves that includes hypomyelination, failure of myelin compaction, and demyelination/remyelination. We have localized the myelin proteins P0 and myelin associated glycoprotein in Trembler peripheral nerve and correlated their distributions with the ultrastructure of myelin internodes.(More)
Axonal contact plays a critical role in initiating myelin formation by Schwann cells. However, recent studies of "double myelination" have indicated that myelin maintenance continues in Schwann cells completely displaced from physical contact with the axon. This raises the possibility either that diffusible trophic factors are produced by the axon, or that(More)
The phenomenon termed 'double myelination', present in sympathetic nerve of normal adult rats and mice, comprises regions of a myelinated axon which are concentrically ensheathed by additional (outer) myelinating Schwann cells. Evidence has been presented that in some instances the outer Schwann cell fails to make contact with an axon, yet its myelin sheath(More)
This study has examined the structural features and distribution of 'doubly myelinated' axons in normal adult and aged mice. Investigation focused on the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) and paravertebral sympathetic ganglia, which were extensively serial-sectioned for light and electron microscopy. In the SCG, the principal features of doubly myelinated(More)
Aqueous solutions combining a high concentration of formaldehyde (4%) with low concentrations of glutaraldehyde (0.5--01%) have been used to simultaneously localize amines by the formation of fluorescent products and to fix central nervous tissue for electron microscopy. The fluorescence reaction is produced by the aldehyde mixture at room temperature and(More)
Biochemical analyses of myelin proteins in rat sympathetic peripheral nerve were correlated with morphological observations. Myelin proteins in superior cervical ganglia (SCG) and the paravertebral (thoraco-lumbar) chain of ganglia were quantitated by immunoassays and examined qualitatively by Western blotting. The results were compared to those obtained on(More)
Current methods of morphological analysis do not permit detailed imaging of individual myelinated fibres over substantial lengths without disruption of neighbouring, potentially significant, cellular and extracellular relationships. We report a new method which overcomes this limitation by combining aldehyde-induced fluorescence with confocal microscopy.(More)