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A new rapid method for fractionation of crude synaptosomes (postmitochondrial pellet, P2) on a discontinuous 4-step Percoll gradient is described. The homogeneity and integrity of the 5 major subcellular fractions were determined by analysis of the distribution of protein, lactate dehydrogenase, cytochrome oxidase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, synapsin I (a(More)
A method for preparation of synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex, on a discontinuous Percoll gradient, was previously developed for use with a P2 pellet (Brain Research, 372 (1986) 115-129). Here the Percoll method has been adapted for use with an S1-supernatant which eliminates a potentially damaging resuspension step and saves over 30 min, representing a(More)
Axonal contact plays a critical role in initiating myelin formation by Schwann cells. However, recent studies of "double myelination" have indicated that myelin maintenance continues in Schwann cells completely displaced from physical contact with the axon. This raises the possibility either that diffusible trophic factors are produced by the axon, or that(More)
Current methods of morphological analysis do not permit detailed imaging of individual myelinated fibres over substantial lengths without disruption of neighbouring, potentially significant, cellular and extracellular relationships. We report a new method which overcomes this limitation by combining aldehyde-induced fluorescence with confocal microscopy.(More)
We have shown that the synapse maturation phase of synaptogenesis is a model for synaptic plasticity that can be particularly well-studied in chicken forebrain because for most forebrain synapses, the maturation changes occur slowly and are temporally well-separated from the synapse formation phase. We have used the synapse maturation phase of neuronal(More)
The myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and other myelin proteins were quantitated in homogenates of whole sciatic nerve from adult and 20-day-old Trember mice. In the nerves of adult mice, the concentration of MAG was increased from 1.1 ng/micrograms of total protein in the controls to 1.4 ng/micrograms protein in the Tremblers. By contrast, the(More)
The Trembler mouse has a dysymelination of peripheral nerves that includes hypomyelination, failure of myelin compaction, and demyelination/remyelination. We have localized the myelin proteins P0 and myelin associated glycoprotein in Trembler peripheral nerve and correlated their distributions with the ultrastructure of myelin internodes.(More)
The use of radio frequency identification (RFID) allows utility companies to read meters from a distance. Thus a meter reader need not visit every customer on his route, but only get within a certain radius of each customer. In finding an optimal route – one that minimizes the distance the meter reader travels while servicing each customer on his route –(More)
Relationships between axons and Schwann cells in myelinated fibres of the superior cervical (sympathetic) ganglion have been examined in normal adult rats. In cross-sections through the ganglion up to 4% of myelinated fibres were focally encircled by an additional myelinating Schwann cell, forming regions termed 'double myelination'. In these regions and(More)
In experimental studies addressing the regulation of myelin formation and maintenance by Schwann cells, the sympathetic nervous system of young adult rodents has served a key role as an essentially nonmyelinated yet modifiable control tissue. Nevertheless there is clear evidence of substantial myelination in the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) of normal(More)