Jeffrey Victor Leyton

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PURPOSE Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a cell surface glycoprotein that is overexpressed in prostate cancer, including hormone refractory disease. Previous preclinical studies showed the intact anti-PSCA antibodies, 1G8 and hu1G8, localized specifically to PSCA-expressing xenografts. Optimal micro positron emission tomography (microPET) imaging using(More)
UNLABELLED Our aim was to construct and characterize (111)In-nuclear translocation sequence (NLS)-7G3, an Auger electron-emitting radioimmunotherapeutic agent that preferentially recognizes the expression of CD123 (interleukin-3 receptor [IL-3R] α-subchain) in the absence of CD131 (IL-3R β-subchain) displayed by leukemia stem cells. METHODS Monoclonal(More)
An improved approach composed of an oxidation reaction in acidic H2O2 solution and a sequential silanization reaction using neat silane reagents for surface modification of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) substrates was developed. This solution-phase approach is simple and convenient for some routine analytical applications in chemistry and biology(More)
Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), a cell surface glycoprotein expressed in normal human prostate and bladder, is over-expressed in the majority of localized prostate cancer and most bone metastases. We have previously shown that the hu1G8 minibody, a humanized anti-PSCA antibody fragment (single-chain Fv-CH3 dimer, 80 kDa), can localize specifically and(More)
The murine 1G8 (micro1G8) monoclonal antibody directed against prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) prevents prostate tumor establishment, growth, and metastasis in murine models. To further delineate in vivo targeting properties, micro1G8 was radiolabeled with In-111 and evaluated in nude mice bearing PC3-PSCA xenografts. Tumor activity ranged from 11.8% to(More)
We have previously demonstrated preclinical in vivo targeting of prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) using a humanized anti-PSCA 2B3 monoclonal antibody (mAb). However, humanization resulted in 5-fold loss of apparent affinity relative to the parental mAb (1 nM). In this study, diabodies (scFv dimers of 55 kDa) were generated from 2B3 including variants with(More)
Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) in breast cancer (BC) is often associated with trastuzumab (Herceptin)-resistant forms of the disease and represents an attractive target for novel therapies. Nimotuzumab is a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody that is in clinical trials for treatment of EGFR-overexpressing malignancies. We(More)
In vivo imaging of estrogen receptor (ER) densities in human breast cancer is a potential tool to stage disease, guide treatment protocols and follow-up on treatment outcome. Both positron emission tomography (PET) and fluorescence imaging have received ample attention to detect ligand-ER interaction. In this study we prepared BODIPY-estradiol conjugates(More)
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with anti-CD123 monoclonal antibody CSL360 modified with nuclear translocation sequence (NLS) peptides and labeled with the Auger electron-emitter, (111)In ((111)In-NLS-CSL360) was studied in the prevalent NOD/SCID mouse AML engraftment assay. Significant decreases in CD123(+) leukemic cells and impairment of leukemic stem cell(More)
Engraftment of primary human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) specimens into the bone marrow (BM) of NOD/SCID mice has been used to study leukemia biology and new treatments for the disease. CSL360 is a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody that recognizes CD123 (IL-3 receptor α-subchain) expressed in the absence of CD131 (β-subchain), an epitope that is displayed(More)