Jeffrey Tsao

Learn More
Dynamic images of natural objects exhibit significant correlations in k-space and time. Thus, it is feasible to acquire only a reduced amount of data and recover the missing portion afterwards. This leads to an improved temporal resolution, or an improved spatial resolution for a given amount of acquisition. Based on this approach, two methods were(More)
Mutual information (MI) is an increasingly popular match metric for multimodality image registration. However, its value is affected by interpolation, which may limit registration accuracy. The purpose of this study was to characterize the artifacts from eight interpolators and to investigate efficient strategies to overcome these artifacts. The(More)
Plant innate immunity is mediated by Resistance (R) proteins, which bear a striking resemblance to animal molecules of similar function. Tobacco N is a TIR-NB-LRR R gene that confers resistance to Tobacco mosaic virus, specifically the p50 helicase domain. An intriguing question is how plant R proteins recognize the presence of pathogen-derived Avirulence(More)
Conventional phase-contrast velocity mapping in the ascending aorta was combined with k-t BLAST and k-t SENSE. Up to 5.3-fold net acceleration was achieved, enabling single breath-hold acquisitions. A standard phase-contrast (PC) sequence with interleaved acquisition of the velocity-encoded segments was modified to collect data in 2 stages, a(More)
The blockade of aberrant hedgehog (Hh) signaling has shown promise for therapeutic intervention in cancer. A cell-based phenotypic high-throughput screen was performed, and the lead structure (1) was identified as an inhibitor of the Hh pathway via antagonism of the Smoothened receptor (Smo). Structure-activity relationship studies led to the discovery of a(More)
In recent years, there has been an explosive growth of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques that allow faster scan speed by exploiting temporal or spatiotemporal redundancy of the images. These techniques improve the performance of dynamic imaging significantly across multiple clinical applications, including cardiac functional examinations,(More)
By exploiting spatiotemporal correlations in cardiac acquisitions using k-t BLAST, gated cine 3D acquisitions of the heart were accelerated by a net factor of 4.3, making single breathhold acquisitions possible. Sparse sampling of k-t space along a sheared grid pattern was implemented into a cine 3D SSFP sequence. The acquisition of low-resolution training(More)
In cardiac imaging, acquisition speed is of primary importance. While improved performance has mainly been achieved through improvements in gradient hardware in the past, further developments along this direction are limited due to physiological constraints such as the risk of peripheral nerve stimulation. With the introduction of parallel imaging,(More)
This work investigated how the quality of prior information (i.e., data acquired during the training stage) influences k-t BLAST reconstruction. The impact of several factors, such as the amount of training data, the presence of spatial misregistration in the training data, and the effects of filtering, was investigated with simulations and in vivo data. It(More)