OBJECTIVE Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are rare, have a high risk of hemorrhage, often cannot be obliterated endovascularly, and frequently require microsurgical interruption of the draining vein. We differentiated these fistulae into six types and developed specific operative strategies on the basis of these types. METHODS During a… (More)
The quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine has been provided in Australia through the National Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Program since April 2007. National registry data demonstrates good coverage of the vaccine, with 73% of school-aged girls having received all three doses. To evaluate the effectiveness of the program, we propose a two-pronged… (More)
BACKGROUND The National Cervical Screening Program in Australia currently recommends that women aged 18-69 years are screened with conventional cytology every 2 years. Publicly funded HPV vaccination was introduced in 2007, and partly as a consequence, a renewal of the screening program that includes a review of screening recommendations has recently been… (More)
Navigation is important to many envisioned applications of mobile robots. The variety of navigation tools may vary from expensive high accuracy tools to cheap low accuracy tools. The complexity of these tools would be dependent upon the navigation requirements. The more complex the navigation requirements, the more expensive the tools required. A cheap and… (More)
Laparoscopic surgery has both diagnostic and therapeutic advantages in the management of intra-abdominal cysts in children. Large cysts in small children pose technical challenges during laparoscopic surgery, requiring multiple incisions and advanced laparoscopic skills. This paper describes a novel laparoscopic technique using minimal manipulation for both… (More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the anatomy of the extensor retinaculum (ER) of the wrist using gross anatomical correlation with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before and after ultrasound-guided tenography in four different positions, emphasizing the morphological appearance of the ER that occurs with dorsiflexion of the wrist to define the nature of extensor… (More)
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The growing trend of robotics and automation beyond the boundary of industrial applications has resulted the emerging of mobile robotics study. Due to the multidisciplinary nature and complexity of robotics system, the design and development of mobile robotics system is generally depends upon cutting edge technologies and hence it is relatively time… (More)