Jeffrey Tait Nelson

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In 2009, Mycobacterium bovis infection was detected in a herd of 60 elk (Cervus elaphus) and 50 fallow deer (Dama dama) in Nebraska, USA. Upon depopulation of the herd, the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (TB) was estimated at ∼71-75%, based upon histopathology and culture results. Particularly with elk, gross lesions were often severe and extensive. One(More)
Several serological tests designed to detect antibodies to immunodominant Mycobacterium bovis antigens have recently emerged as ancillary tests for the detection of bovine tuberculosis in cattle, particularly when used after the injection of purified protein derivative (PPD) for skin testing, which significantly boosts M. bovis-specific antibody responses.(More)
Theileria equi, one of the causative agents of equine piroplasmosis, is endemic in many regions of the world but is considered a 'foreign' animal disease in the USA. In an effort to prevent the importation of T. equi, stringent serological screening of horses is practiced prior to entry to the USA. Current regulatory options available where horses are found(More)
We explored the diagnostic value of oxygen-enhanced MRI, a novel technique for measuring regional brain metabolism, in a set of normal adult volunteers and temporal lobe epilepsy patients. Eight right-handed adult normal volunteers and ten right-handed patients with temporal lobe epilepsy were studied. Six patients had lesions concordant with their epilepsy(More)
Over the past two decades, highly virulent strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have emerged and spread rapidly in man, suggesting a selective advantage based on virulence. A similar scenario has not been described for Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle (i.e. bovine tuberculosis). An epidemiological investigation of a recent outbreak of bovine(More)
Accurately identifying Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle is critical for bovine tuberculosis prevention and control. One method for identifying infected cattle is an ELISA developed by IDEXX laboratories, which detects antibodies to two M. bovis proteins, MPB70 and MPB83. The assay's sensitivity varies by geographic region, with sensitivities of 77%, 45%,(More)