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Neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the site of the endogenous biological clock in mammals, fire spontaneously, peaking in firing rate near ZT6 or at the midpoint of the light phase in a 12:12 light-dark cycle. In rat hypothalamic slices, tissue incubations with drugs can produce a shift in this daily rhythm, the magnitude of which is dependent(More)
Daily variation in an organism's physiology and behaviour is regulated by the synchrony that is achieved between the internal timing mechanisms - the circadian rhythms of the biological clock - and the prevailing environmental cues. Proper synchrony constitutes an adaptive response; improper or lost synchrony may well yield maladaptation and, in the case of(More)
GR127935 is a selective antagonist of release-modulating 5-HT1B/1D autoreceptors on serotonergic terminals and, as such, would be expected to produce increases in extracellular 5-HT. The changes in 5-HT observed are mixed, however, possibly due to the presence of somatodendritic 5-HT1a/1D autoreceptors. Theoretically, blockade of these autoreceptors would(More)
BACKGROUND The documented ability of serotonin (5-HT) to directly modulate circadian rhythms prompted interest in a similar role for therapeutic agents that readily enhance 5-HT neurotransmission, namely the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). METHODS Extracellular recordings of unit firing of suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) neurons maintained(More)
Both microdialysis and electrophysiology were used to investigate whether another serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtype next to the 5-HT(1A) autoreceptor is involved in the acute effects of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor on 5-HT neuronal activity. On the basis of a previous study, we decided to investigate the involvement of the 5-HT(7) receptors.(More)
Disruption of circadian rhythms may lead to mood disorders. The present study investigated the potential therapeutic utility of combining a 5-HT7 antagonist with a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), the standard of care in depression, on circadian rhythm regulation. In tissue explants of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) from PER2::LUC(More)
Systemic doses of fluoxetine slow dorsal raphe cell firing by blocking the reuptake carrier located in the cell body region with the surplus 5-HT thus generated activating inhibitory autoreceptors. The concurrent actions of fluoxetine on postsynaptic receptors in raphe projection areas has not been as thoroughly investigated, although it is presumed that a(More)
In vitro neuronal recordings in the SCN have clearly documented shifts in the peak of unit activity following the application of serotonergic agents, and yet selectivity issues with these very tools have limited progress in establishing the precise receptor mechanisms. As an alternative strategy, mice were bred (C57BL/6J) lacking 1 serotonin receptor, the(More)
Spontaneous firing rates of neurons in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) follow a consistent pattern, peaking near the midpoint of the light phase in a 12:12 light/dark schedule, and repeating this brief period of increased activity in subsequent circadian cycles. These carefully timed fluctuations reflect the output signal of the SCN, long recognized as the(More)
N-demethylation of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline to desmethylsertraline yields a compound with 10- to 20-fold less potency at blocking serotonin (5-HT) reuptake as measured in vitro. In the present study desmethylsertraline (DMS) was examined in two in vivo models of reuptake inhibition--elevation of extracellular 5-HT in the corpus(More)