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The location of the Opportunity landing site was determined to better than 10-m absolute accuracy from analyses of radio tracking data. We determined Rover locations during traverses with an error as small as several centimeters using engineering telemetry and overlapping images. Topographic profiles generated from rover data show that the plains are very(More)
SUMMARY End-systolic left ventricular (LV) meridional wall stress is a quantitative index of true myo-cardial afterload that can be plotted against LV end-systolic diameter to give an index of contractility independent of loading conditions. We developed a noninvasive method for estimating end-systolic LV meridional wall stress based on M-mode LV(More)
BACKGROUND Although serotonin has been postulated as an etiologic agent in the development of carcinoid heart disease, no direct evidence for different ambient serotonin levels in cardiac and noncardiac patients has been reported to date. METHODS AND RESULTS The present study reviews our experience with 604 patients in the Duke Carcinoid Database.(More)
We used computed tomography (CT) and histologic analysis to quantify lung structure in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). CT scans were obtained from IPF and control patients and lung volumes were estimated from measurements of voxel size, and X-ray attenuation values of each voxel. Quantitative estimates of lung structure were obtained from biopsies(More)
The objective of this study was to review the diagnosis, management, and outcome of the rare iatrogenic arterial injury associated with elective orthopedic joint procedures. A retrospective review was conducted of all patients presenting to the vascular surgery service with arterial injury after elective orthopedic procedures between 1997 and 2002. Clinical(More)
The precise location and relative elevation of Spirit during its traverses from the Columbia Memorial station to Bonneville crater were determined with bundle-adjusted retrievals from rover wheel turns, suspension and tilt angles, and overlapping images. Physical properties experiments show a decrease of 0.2% per Mars solar day in solar cell output(More)
A case report of life-threatening hemorrhage from a congenital renal arteriovenous malformation during pregnancy is presented. The hyperdynamic circulatory state that exists during pregnancy may predispose to bleeding from vascular malformations. We review the classification and clinical presentation of renal arteriovenous malformations.
BACKGROUND Percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty is limited by a high risk of procedural morbidity, transient clinical benefit, and a high restenosis rate. The management of patients with symptomatic aortic valve restenosis after percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty is unclear. We hypothesized that aortic valve replacement would produce superior(More)
The clinical characteristics and pathology of sarcoidosis are well defined; however, the optimal therapy for this disorder remains unclear. Although patients respond, acutely, to corticosteroid therapy, it is not clear that these agents ultimately alter the natural history of this disease. These observations and that corticosteroids have significant side(More)