Learn More
OBJECTIVE To develop and test an HIV intervention targeting sex workers and madams in the brothels of Bombay. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In a controlled intervention trial, with measurements before and after the intervention, 334 sex workers and 20 madams were recruited from an intervention site, and 207 and 17, respectively, from a similar control site, both(More)
In China, men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV. However, little is known about their HIV testing behavior. From September 2001 to January 2002, we recruited 482 men through social networks and MSM venues. We conducted HIV testing and counseling, and anonymous, standardized face-to-face interviews. Eighty-two percent of participants had(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the demographic characteristics and HIV-related risk behaviors of adolescents frequenting truck stops along the Trans-Africa Highway in Kenya. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 200 adolescents (52% female) aged 15-19 years was conducted at the Malaba, Sachangwan and Mashinari truck stops in Kenya. A standardized questionnaire(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the sexual practices of high school students; to describe the process of development of a school-based AIDS prevention program; and to evaluate the effect of this program on students' AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and AIDS-preventive behaviors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A cluster-randomized, controlled trial with pretest/post-test(More)
We assessed HIV antibody and risk exposures in a cross-sectional sample of 446 fishermen in Sihanouk Ville, a port and fishing area in Cambodia, where high HIV prevalence has been found in sentinel surveillance studies. HIV prevalence was 16.1%, and was highest among unmarried men (17.3%) compared with married (14.6%). Men who stayed in port over one day(More)
China is currently undergoing a serious HIV-1 epidemic in intravenous drug users, sex workers, and former plasma donors. Little is known, however, about HIV-1 risk in Chinese men who have sex with men. In this study of seroprevalence in such men in Beijing, we recorded 15 (3.1%, 95% CI 1.8-5.1) of 481 men infected with HIV-1. Overall, 238 (49%) of(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify risks for HIV infection related to incarceration among injecting drug users in Bangkok, Thailand. DESIGN Case-control study of sexual and parenteral exposures occurring before, during, and after the most recent incarceration. SETTING Metropolitan Bangkok. PARTICIPANTS Non-prison based injecting drug users formerly incarcerated(More)
OBJECTIVES We developed and evaluated a multifaceted AIDS prevention program to increase condom use among sex workers in the city of Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A year-long intervention targeted sex workers, brothel owners and clients, promoted cooperation between these groups and the public health office and established a free(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess trends in HIV risk behaviors over a 3-year period in eight population groups in Bangkok, Thailand. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS Using a repeated cross-sectional survey design with a structured questionnaire, we collected five sets of self-reported sexual behavior data related to HIV risk from the following subject groups at the same sampling(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of HIV in Ho Chi Minh City in the context of current surveillance data from Vietnam. METHODS Since the late 1980s, HIV surveillance data have been collected in Ho Chi Minh City from centers for the treatment of venereal disease and tuberculosis, centers for the rehabilitation of injecting drug users and sex workers,(More)