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In this paper, we report results from surveys in which enumerators make unannounced visits to primary schools and health clinics in Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru and Uganda and recorded whether they found teachers and health workers in the facilities.
Poverty maps, providing information on the spatial distribution of living standards, are an important tool for policy making and economic research. Such maps can be used by policymakers to guide the allocation of transfers and to inform policy design. They can also provide the means to investigate the relationship between growth and distribution inside a… (More)
The topic of this paper is the theme of the World Development Report 2004. This paper presents some of our preliminary ideas on the subject. They do not necessarily represent the views of the World Bank. We are grateful to at the May 2002 AERC Plenary Session for helpful comments and suggestions in developing some of the ideas in the paper.
25% of teachers were absent from school, and only about half were teaching, during unannounced visits to a nationally representative sample of government primary schools in India. Absence rates varied from 15% in Maharashtra to 42% in Jharkhand, with higher rates concentrated in the poorer states. We do not find that higher pay is associated with lower… (More)
This paper presents results from a nationally-representative survey of rural private primary schools in India conducted in 2003. 28% of the population of rural India has access to fee-charging private schools in the same village. Nearly 50% of the rural private schools in our sample having been established 5 or fewer years before the time of the survey,… (More)
This paper has benefited from comments by Jacques Van der Gaag and George Schieber. The authors also gratefully acknowledge financial support from the World Bank and the National Institute of Aging. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of the… (More)
for comments. The findings, intepretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and not necessarily represent the views of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent.Working papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate… (More)
There are seventy medical care providers within walking distance of every household in Delhi. However, inequalities in health outcomes persist among the rich and poor, which might reflect differences in the quality of available care. This paper shows that providers visited by the poor were indeed less knowledgeable than those visited by the rich. There is… (More)
Between 2000 and 2002, we followed 1621 individuals in Delhi, India using a combination of weekly and monthly-recall health questionnaires. In 2008, we augmented these data with another 8 weeks of surveys during which households were experimentally allocated to surveys with different recall periods in the second half of the survey. We show that the length… (More)