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Many work-site physical activity interventions use theoretical variables in the design of their programs. Yet, these interventions do not document the degree of change in theoretical variables produced by the intervention. This study examined the construct validity of an intervention designed to affect social cognitive theory variables linked to exercise(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to determine whether students consume alcohol in greater quantities when drinking in celebration of an event or holiday versus typical drinking use. Celebratory occasions include tailgating during football games, holidays, and the beginning and ending of academic semesters. PARTICIPANTS Traditional undergraduates,(More)
OBJECTIVE Develop rural-specific assessment tools to be used by researchers and practitioners to measure the activity-friendliness of rural communities. METHOD The tools were created through a mixed-methods investigation into the determinants of physical activity among rural populations. This informed the development of a conceptual framework defining(More)
Outdoor workers are at a higher risk for developing skin cancer due to their increased sun exposure. The primary objective of this review was to synthesize the current research literature that addresses sociodemographic and psychological factors related to sun protection behaviors in outdoor workers. Two additional purposes were to provide an overview of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of a social cognitive theory (SCT) Web site intervention on college female physical activity and to determine if SCT variables mediated physical activity. METHODS Ninety-one sedentary volunteers (intervention n = 45; control n = 46) completed questionnaires measuring self-regulation, outcome expectancy value,(More)
The objectives of this study were to examine the use of the analgesics for the relief of exercise-associated pain (EAP) and to examine personal and/or exercise characteristics that might potentially predict such use in recreationally trained college-aged individuals. Recreationally trained college-aged students (N = 263) were invited to complete a(More)
Psychosocial smoking prevention programs can decrease adolescent smoking initiation. This study determined if the theoretical variables targeted in a psychosocial smoking prevention program can be improved significantly by participation in a smoking prevention program. The Social Cognitive Theory constructs examined included behavioral capability to resist(More)
The foundation of a logic model or any theory-based planning model is the identification of the behavioral antecedents and the relationship of these variables to the target behavior. Applying theoretical concepts to specific behaviors and populations is often challenging for practitioners and program planning students. The challenge comes from the abstract(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to evaluate a 12-week social cognitive theory (SCT)-based email intervention designed to influence the physical activity of survivors of breast cancer. METHODS Seventy-four volunteers (intervention group, n = 36; control group, n = 38) were recruited by mass email and written letter solicitation. Participants completed a(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence supports the role of physical and social environments in active living, including perception of environment. However, measurement of perceived environments in rural settings is lacking. This study describes the development of the Rural Active Living Perceived Environmental Support Scale (RALPESS). METHODS Premised on social ecological(More)