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case of fatal septic shock due to pyomyoma (suppurative leiomyoma of the uterus) is reported. This unusual cause of sepsis and polymicrobial bacteremia should be rapidly identified because surgical therapy is essential for cure. Nine additional cases reported since 1945 are reviewed. Pyomyoma develops in association with either recent pregnancy or in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare an optical immunoassay (OIA) rapid diagnostic kit to standard culture for the diagnosis of vaginal colonization with group B streptococcus (GBS) and to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of the OIA results. METHOD A total of 301 patients in labor were prospectively evaluated for GBS colonization with a test approved by the Food(More)
To determine the prevalence of abnormal carbohydrate metabolism in the early postpartum period in women with gestational diabetes mellitus, we performed 2-hour oral glucose tolerance tests between 5 and 8 weeks post partum in 246 women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus. Patients were stratified into three study groups based on their fasting serum(More)
The maternal death rate and rate of preterm delivery associated with pneumonia during pregnancy have not decreased since the introduction of antibiotics four decades ago. We retrospectively reviewed 25 cases of pneumonia during pregnancy; these cases occurred among 32,179 deliveries. Medical complications included: bacteremia, 16%; empyema, 8%; atrial(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of values for the 75 gm glucose tolerance test in pregnancy and to define glucose intolerance by the relationship between maternal glucose values and neonatal macrosomia. STUDY DESIGN A total 3505 unselected pregnant women were given a 75 gm, 2-hour glucose tolerance test. Diet or(More)
OBJECTIVE The null hypothesis is that the use of intrapartum amnioinfusion in labors complicated by the presence of thick meconium and oligohydramnios will not decrease the incidence of fetal distress, cesarean delivery, meconium aspiration, or meconium aspiration syndrome. STUDY DESIGN One hundred seventy term and postterm patients with thick meconium(More)
Thoracic electrical bioimpedance is a noninvasive, continuous method of obtaining cardiac output that requires no operator skill. However, the most recent thoracic electrical bioimpedance technology has not been validated in pregnancy. We therefore compared two methods of measuring cardiac output in pregnancy, thoracic electrical bioimpedance and(More)
Amniotic fluid embolism is an uncommon but devastating obstetric emergency. We report hemodynamic data derived from pulmonary artery catheterization in four previously unpublished cases of amniotic fluid embolism syndrome. These findings confirm a recently published reinterpretation of the central hemodynamics of this condition.
Identification of squamous cells in the maternal pulmonary arterial circulation, either at autopsy or in blood aspirated from a pulmonary artery catheter, is currently regarded as pathognomonic for amniotic fluid embolism. Sixteen pregnant women underwent pulmonary arterial catheterization for a variety of medical indications. Examination of the buffy coat(More)