Jeffrey S. Fischer

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The primary clinical outcome measure for evaluating multiple sclerosis in clinical trials has been Kurtzke's expanded disability status scale (EDSS). New therapies appear to favourably impact the course of multiple sclerosis and render continued use of placebo control groups more difficult. Consequently, future trials are likely to compare active treatment(More)
The accepted standard treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis consists of medications for disease symptoms, including treatment for acute exacerbations. However, currently there is no therapy that alters the progression of physical disability associated with this disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether interferon beta-1a could slow the(More)
Clinical outcome assessment in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is challenging due to the diversity and fluctuating nature of MS symptoms. Traditional clinical scales such as the EDSS are inadequate in their assessment of key clinical dimensions of MS (e.g. , cognitive function), and they have psychometric limitations as well. Based on analyses of pooled data from(More)
This article provides recommendations from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society's Clinical Outcomes Assessment Task Force. The Task Force was appointed in 1994 and charged with recommendending improved approaches for clinical outcomes assessment in future controlled clinical trials. The recommendations herein follow extensive deliberation and data(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) and its treatment have broad-ranging effects on quality of life. This article reviews recent efforts to assess the impact of MS on activities of daily living (ADLs) and health-related quality of life (HRQL), and describes the development of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Inventory (MSQLI). The MSQLI is a modular MS-specific(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if progressive brain atrophy could be detected over 1- and 2-year intervals in relapsing MS, based on annual MR studies from the Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group (MSCRG) trial of interferon beta-1a (Avonex). METHODS All subjects had mild to moderate disability, with baseline expanded disability status scores ranging(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a, Avonex) is efficacious in relapsing forms of MS. Studies of other IFNbeta preparations in secondary progressive MS (SPMS) yielded conflicting results. This study was undertaken to determine whether IFNbeta-1a slowed disease progression in SP-MS. METHODS A total of 436 subjects with SPMS and Expanded Disability(More)
BACKGROUND The Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) was recommended by a task force of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society as a new clinical outcome measure for clinical trials. The task force recommended that the MSFC be validated against other measures of the disease, such as patient-reported quality of life. METHODS Three hundred patients(More)
This article represents initial deliberation of an international task force appointed by the US National Multiple Sclerosis Society to develop recommendations for optimal clinical assessment tools for multiple sclerosis clinical trials. Presented within this article are the key issues identified by the task force during its initial year of deliberation.(More)
We introduce <i>lock allocation</i>, an automatic technique that takes a multi-threaded program annotated with <i>atomic</i> sections (that must be executed atomically), and infers a lock assignment from global variables to locks and a lock instrumentation that determines where each lock should be acquired and released such that the resulting instrumented(More)