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Magnetoencephalography (MEG) was used to determine cortical and subcortical contributions to the formation of spike and wave discharges in twelve newly diagnosed, drug naïve children during forty-four generalized absence seizures. Previous studies have implicated various cortical areas and thalamic nuclei in the generation of absence seizures, but the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cefepime in 31 young, healthy volunteers were assessed after the administration of single and multiple 250-, 500-, 1,000-, or 2,000-mg intravenous doses. Each subject received a single dose of cefepime via a 30-min intravenous infusion on day 1 of the study. Starting from day 2, subjects received multiple doses of cefepime every 8 h(More)
PURPOSE Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to identify areas of brain activation during absence seizures in an awake animal model. METHODS Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI in the brain was measured by using T2*-weighted echo planar imaging at 4.7 Tesla. BOLD imaging was performed before, during, and after absence seizure(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder whose three main symptoms are impulsiveness, inattention, and hyperactivity. Although ADHD is an early developmental disorder, it may persist into adulthood, resulting in deficits associated with poor academic performance, frequent job changes, poor and unstable marriages, and(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to assess the effects of cocaine on brain activation in fully conscious rats. Methods were developed to image cocaine-induced changes in blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal without the peripheral cardiac and respiratory complications associated with psychostimulant administration. Using spin echo(More)
PURPOSE EEG-triggered functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to identify areas of brain activation during spontaneous spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) in an epileptic rat strain under awake conditions. METHODS Spontaneous absence seizures from 10 WAG/Rij rats were imaged by using T2*-weighted echo planar imaging at 4.7 Tesla. fMRI of the(More)
Children with Benign Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS), despite high likelihood for seizure remission, are reported to have subtle difficulties in language and other cognitive skills. We used functional MRI and a story listening task to examine the effect of BECTS on patterns of activation and connectivity. Language and cognitive skills were(More)
Steady state pharmacokinetics, absolute bioavailability, and dose proportionality of cefepime were evaluated in healthy male subjects after single (250, 500, 1000, or 2000 mg) and multiple (1000 mg every 12 hours for 10 days) intramuscular injections. Safety and tolerance were also monitored. High performance liquid chromatography/UV methodology was used to(More)