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It was previously shown that mouse Pus1p (mPus1p), a pseudouridine synthase (PUS) known to modify certain transfer RNAs (tRNAs), can also bind with nuclear receptors (NRs) and function as a coactivator through pseudouridylation and likely activation of an RNA coactivator called steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA). Use of cell extract devoid of human Pus1p(More)
Nuclear receptors (NRs) induce transcription through association with coactivator complexes. We identified a pseudouridine synthase (PUS), mPus1p, as a coactivator for retinoic acid receptor (mRAR)gamma and other NR-dependent transactivation. mPus1p is a member of the truA subfamily of PUSs, a class of enzymes that isomerize uridine to pseudouridine in(More)
A missense mutation in the PUS1 gene affecting a highly conserved amino acid has been associated with mitochondrial myopathy and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA), a rare autosomal recessive oxidative phosphorylation disorder. The PUS1 gene encodes the enzyme pseudouridine synthase 1 (Pus1p) that is known to pseudouridylate tRNAs in other species. Total RNA was(More)
Evidence for the alternative splicing of the message for mouse pseudouridine synthase 1 (mPus1p) was found when several expressed sequence tag clones were completely sequenced. The genomic DNA for the MPUS1 gene (6.9 kb) was cloned from a mouse genomic library; the gene contains seven exons, of which three are alternatively spliced. In addition, one of the(More)
A cDNA encoding mouse pseudouridine synthase 3 (mPus3p) has been cloned. The predicted protein has 34% identity with yeast pseudouridine synthase 3 (Pus3), an enzyme known to form pseudouridine at positions 38 and 39 in yeast tRNA. The cDNA is 1.7 kb, and when used as a probe on a Northern blot of total RNA from mouse tissues or cells in culture, a band at(More)
The specific and dynamic RNA:RNA interactions between pre-mRNA and small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs), especially U2, U5, and U6 snRNAs, form the catalytic core and are at the heart of the spliceosome formation. The functionally important regions in the snRNAs correspond to the highly modified regions in snRNAs from human, rat, and plant cells. To better(More)
Estrogen receptors (ERs) and androgen receptors (ARs) are important targets for cancer therapy; however, the efficacy of receptor antagonists is limited, and alternative strategies are needed. Steroid receptor RNA Activator (SRA) is a long, noncoding RNA coactivator (although some protein-encoding 5' splice variants have also been reported) that requires(More)
Although the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (snRNP) was the first mRNA-splicing cofactor to be identified, the manner in which it functions in splicing is not precisely understood. Among the information required to understand how U1 snRNP participates in splicing, it will be necessary to know its structure. Here we describe the in vitro(More)
U2 small nuclear RNA contains 13 pseudouridine (psi) nucleotides, of which 11 are clustered in 5' regions involved in base-pairing interactions with other RNAs in the spliceosome. As a first step toward understanding the psi formation pathway in U2 RNA, we investigated psi formation on unmodified human U2 RNA in a HeLa cell extract system. Psi formation was(More)