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Functional activity in the visual cortex was assessed using functional magnetic resonance imaging technology while participants viewed a series of pleasant, neutral, or unpleasant pictures. Coronal images at four different locations in the occipital cortex were acquired during each of eight 12-s picture presentation periods (on) and 12-s interpicture(More)
Functional activation (measured with fMRI) in occipital cortex was more extensive when participants view pictures strongly related to primary motive states (i.e., victims of violent death, viewer-directed threat, and erotica). This functional activity was greater than that observed for less intense emotional (i.e., happy families or angry faces) or neutral(More)
Much research demonstrates that emotional stimuli prompt increased amygdala and visual cortical activation. Here we measure functional activity in the visual cortex and amygdala with fMRI while selected fearful and control participants view a range of neutral, emotionally arousing, and fear-relevant pictures. BOLD signal in the amygdala and inferotemporal(More)
Activity in extrastriate visual cortex is greater when people view emotional relative to neutral pictures. Prior brain imaging and psychophysiological work has further suggested a bias for men to react more strongly to pleasant pictures, and for women to react more strongly to unpleasant pictures. Here we investigated visual cortical activity using fMRI in(More)
Repetitions that are distributed (spaced) across time prompt enhancement of a memory-related event-related potential, compared to when repetitions are massed (contiguous). Here, we used fMRI to investigate neural enhancement and suppression effects during free viewing of natural scenes that were either novel or repeated four times with massed or distributed(More)
Phased-array magnetic resonance imaging technology is currently yourishing with the promise of obtaining a proÿtable trade-oo between image quality and image acquisition speed. The image quality is generally measured in terms of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), which is often calculated using samples taken from the reconstructed image. In this paper, we(More)
Functional brain imaging of the human cortex is limited by poor contrast to noise ratio (CNR) and image degradation due to subject motion during the acquisition period. The work described here combines the use of closely coupled phased array receiver coils with a stabilization system to address these needs. Several phased array designs are evaluated and(More)
We consider the commonly used "Sum-of-Squares" (SoS) reconstruction method for phased-array magnetic resonance imaging with unknown coil sensitivities. We show that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in the image produced by SoS is asymptotically (as the input SNR--> infinity ) equal to that of maximum-ratio combining, which is the best unbiased reconstruction(More)
The combined acquisition of proton images and localized spectra is considered essential to the application of NMR techniques to human and animal research. The ideal imaging/spectroscopy coil for our purposes would be one that provides the highest possible signal-to-noise, high homogeneity, and operation on two or more frequencies without retuning(More)
A 3 Tesla transceive phased array has been developed that demonstrates the feasibility of spinal cord imaging at high fields. The phased array includes transmit/receive switches, a power distribution network, and 4 coil elements arranged for specific anatomies. Images demonstrating anatomy of the spinal cord and posterior spine were presented. Simulations(More)