Jeffrey P. Harris

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The development of the positive endocochlear potential (EP), the negative anoxic EP, and the organ of Corti potential were measured at various postnatal ages in the Mongolian gerbil, beginning at 8 days after birth (DAB). The organ of Corti potential (OCP) was present at 8 DAB but averaged 21% less than the adult value. OCP increased regularly with age,(More)
The thermo-reversible triblock copolymer poloxamer 407 was investigated as a drug delivery vehicle for micronized dexamethasone into the middle and inner ears of guinea pigs. The study characterized the gelation and in vitro release kinetics of poloxamer formulations. In vivo, the pharmacokinetic profile of formulations containing varying concentrations of(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent data regarding the incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in the United States is lacking. The objective of this study was to assess the current day incidence of SSNHL in the United States using data from a medical and pharmaceutical claims database containing information for more than 60 million unique patients. STUDY(More)
Twenty percent of people endure tinnitus to a degree that their quality of well-being and productivity in life are impaired, and up to 60% report depression. Four measures are widely used to assess tinnitus-related distress, yet the relationship among all four measures or their relationship to relevant psychiatric variables has yet to be studied. This study(More)
The doll's eye reflex represents the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) elicited by high-acceleration head rotation. After complete unilateral vestibular lesions, the ipsilateral, horizontal doll's eye reflex is replaced by a series of "catch-up" saccades. These cause permanent symptoms of blurred vision and dizziness during ipsilateral turns. We compared normal(More)
The MRL-Fas(lpr) mouse, a model of multisystemic, organ nonspecific autoimmune disease, has been proposed as a model of immune-mediated inner ear disease. A preliminary study employing light microscopy indicated that it develops cochlear pathology that appeared most striking in the stria vascularis, where cells underwent edema and degeneration. However,(More)
The diffusion pattern of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) injected into the scala tympani of the cochlear basal turn of guinea pigs was studied to test whether antigen presented in this manner can gain access to the endolymphatic sac. By two hours, HRP reaction product was found throughout the cochlea, with the greatest amounts in the spiral ligament, spiral(More)
Based on changes in hearing thresholds and tinnitus that are co-related with the menstrual cycle, it has been suggested that the cochlea may respond directly to estrogen. For this to occur, the cochlea should express estrogen receptors. In situ mRNA hybridization was performed on normal female rat cochleas, using radiolabeled RNA probes complementary to(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the effectiveness of five different techniques of intratympanic gentamicin administration for Ménière's disease. DATA SOURCES A MEDLINE search of the English language literature from 1978 to 2002 was performed using the key words "intratympanic," "gentamicin," "therapy," "Ménière's," and "disease." STUDY SELECTION Inclusion(More)