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The development of the positive endocochlear potential (EP), the negative anoxic EP, and the organ of Corti potential were measured at various postnatal ages in the Mongolian gerbil, beginning at 8 days after birth (DAB). The organ of Corti potential (OCP) was present at 8 DAB but averaged 21% less than the adult value. OCP increased regularly with age,(More)
The thermo-reversible triblock copolymer poloxamer 407 was investigated as a drug delivery vehicle for micronized dexamethasone into the middle and inner ears of guinea pigs. The study characterized the gelation and in vitro release kinetics of poloxamer formulations. In vivo, the pharmacokinetic profile of formulations containing varying concentrations of(More)
CONTEXT Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss has been treated with oral corticosteroids for more than 30 years. Recently, many patients' symptoms have been managed with intratympanic steroid therapy. No satisfactory comparative effectiveness study to support this practice exists. OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of oral vs intratympanic(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent data regarding the incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in the United States is lacking. The objective of this study was to assess the current day incidence of SSNHL in the United States using data from a medical and pharmaceutical claims database containing information for more than 60 million unique patients. STUDY(More)
Twenty percent of people endure tinnitus to a degree that their quality of well-being and productivity in life are impaired, and up to 60% report depression. Four measures are widely used to assess tinnitus-related distress, yet the relationship among all four measures or their relationship to relevant psychiatric variables has yet to be studied. This study(More)
The doll's eye reflex represents the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) elicited by high-acceleration head rotation. After complete unilateral vestibular lesions, the ipsilateral, horizontal doll's eye reflex is replaced by a series of "catch-up" saccades. These cause permanent symptoms of blurred vision and dizziness during ipsilateral turns. We compared normal(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, a new stapedotomy piston prosthesis, which is a composite metal alloy of nickel and titanium known as nitinol, has been introduced into medical use. This biocompatible alloy has the unique property of shape-memory, which permits tight self-crimping when heat is applied to the wire. To substantiate the favorable initial observations with(More)
The MRL-Fas(lpr) mouse, a model of multisystemic, organ nonspecific autoimmune disease, has been proposed as a model of immune-mediated inner ear disease. A preliminary study employing light microscopy indicated that it develops cochlear pathology that appeared most striking in the stria vascularis, where cells underwent edema and degeneration. However,(More)
The diffusion pattern of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) injected into the scala tympani of the cochlear basal turn of guinea pigs was studied to test whether antigen presented in this manner can gain access to the endolymphatic sac. By two hours, HRP reaction product was found throughout the cochlea, with the greatest amounts in the spiral ligament, spiral(More)