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Determining the effect of gene deletion is a fundamental approach to understanding gene function. Conventional genetic screens exhibit biases, and genes contributing to a phenotype are often missed. We systematically constructed a nearly complete collection of gene-deletion mutants (96% of annotated open reading frames, or ORFs) of the yeast Saccharomyces(More)
We have constructed a plasmid, YEp13, which when used in conjunction with transformation in yeast is a suitable vector for isolating specific yeast genes. The plasmid consists of pBR322, the LEU2 gene of yeast, and a DNA fragment containing a yeast origin of replication from 2 mu circule. We have demonstrated the utility of this cloning system by isolating(More)
Errors associated with the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) include point mutations caused by misincorporation during repair DNA synthesis or novel junctions made by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). We previously demonstrated that DNA synthesis is approximately 100-fold more error prone when associated with DSB repair. Here we describe a genetic(More)
Repair of a site-specific double-strand DNA break (DSB) resulted in increased reversion frequency for a nearby allele. Site-specific DSBs were introduced into the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by the endonuclease encoded by the HO gene. Expression of the HO gene from a galactose-inducible promoter allowed efficient DNA cleavage at a single site in(More)
A novel Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene, HST1, was identified from among anonymous cDNAs and the complete corresponding genomic clone was isolated and sequenced. HST1 is very closely related to SIR2, showing 71% sequence identity over 84% of its length. Polymerase chain reaction with degenerate primers on S. cerevisiae DNA identified three additional(More)
We describe genetic and physical characterization of rearrangements of chromosome III which result in changes of cell type in S. cerevisiae. Two types of rearrangements were obtained as rare events which caused a change at the locus controlling cell type, MAT, associated with a recessive lethal mutation, in one case from MATalpha to MATa-lethal, and in the(More)
A double-stranded DNA cut has been observed in the mating type (MAT) locus of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in cultures undergoing homothallic cassette switching. Cutting is observed in exponentially growing cells of genotype HO HML alpha MAT alpha HMR alpha or HO HMLa MATa HMRa, which switch continuously, but not in a/alpha HO/HO diploid strains, in(More)
Selective gene amplification is associated with normal development, neoplasia, and drug resistance. One class of amplification events results in large arrays of inverted repeats that are often complex in structure, thus providing little information about their genesis. We made a recombination substrate in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that frequently generates(More)
RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) in eukaryotic cells drives transcription of most messenger RNAs. RNAPII core enzyme is composed of 12 polypeptides where Rpb1 is the largest subunit. To further understand the mechanisms of RNAPII transcription, we isolated and characterized novel point mutants of RPB1 that are sensitive to the nucleotide-depleting drug(More)
To study fidelity of RNA polymerase II (Pol II), we analyzed properties of the 6-azauracil-sensitive and TFIIS-dependent E1103G mutant of rbp1 (rpo21), the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of Pol II in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using an in vivo retrotransposition-based transcription fidelity assay, we observed that rpb1-E1103G causes a 3-fold increase in(More)