Jeffrey N. Murphy

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A radioisotope method was devised to study bacterial respiratory reduction of arsenate in sediments. The following two arsenic-rich soda lakes in California were chosen for comparison on the basis of their different salinities: Mono Lake (approximately 90 g/liter) and Searles Lake (approximately 340 g/liter). Profiles of arsenate reduction and sulfate(More)
Block copolymer self-assembly is an innovative technology capable of patterning technologically relevant substrates with nanoscale precision for a range of applications from integrated circuit fabrication to tissue interfacing, for example. In this article, we demonstrate a microwave-based method of rapidly inducing order in block copolymer structures. The(More)
Block copolymers can be used to template large arrays of nanopatterns with periodicities equal to the characteristic spacing of the polymer. Here we demonstrate a technique capitalizing on the multilayered arrangement of cylindrical domains to effectively double the pattern density templated by a given polymer. By controlling the initial thickness of the(More)
The creation of gold surfaces modified by single- or double-stranded DNA self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) is shown to produce heterogeneous surface packing densities through the use of electrochemical studies coupled with fluorescence imaging. The modified surfaces created by direct adsorption of thiolate DNA [followed by passivation with mecaptohexanol(More)
The self-assembly of block copolymer (BCP) thin films is a versatile method for producing periodic nanoscale patterns with a variety of shapes. The key to attaining a desired pattern or structure is the annealing step undertaken to facilitate the reorganization of nanoscale phase-segregated domains of the BCP on a surface. Annealing BCPs on silicon(More)
Line patterns produced by lamellae- and cylinder-forming block copolymer (BCP) thin films are of widespread interest for their potential to enable nanoscale patterning over large areas. In order for such patterning methods to effectively integrate with current technologies, the resulting patterns need to have low defect densities, and be produced in a short(More)
The preparative chromatographic resolution of racemic mixtures is rapidly becoming a standard approach for the generation of enantiomers in pharmaceutical research and development. This paper will discuss the optical resolution of numerous pharmaceutical intermediates and final products using polar organic solvents with polysaccharide chiral stationary(More)
A photonic shape memory polymer film that shows large color response (∼155 nm) in a wide temperature range has been fabricated from a semi-interpenetrating network of a cholesteric polymer and poly(benzyl acrylate). The large color response is achieved by mechanical embossing of the photonic film above its broad glass transition temperature. The embossed(More)
Highly ordered nanopatterns are obtained at sub-5 nm periodicities by the graphoepitaxial directed self-assembly of monodisperse, oligo(dimethylsiloxane) liquid crystals. These hybrid organic/inorganic liquid crystals are of high interest for nanopatterning applications due to the combination of their ultrasmall feature sizes and their ability to be(More)
While self-assembled molecular building blocks could lead to many next-generation functional organic nanomaterials, control over the thin-film morphologies to yield monolithic sub-5 nm patterns with 3D orientational control at macroscopic length scales remains a grand challenge. A series of photoresponsive hybrid oligo(dimethylsiloxane) liquid crystals that(More)
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