Jeffrey N Lindquist

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Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a pro-oxidant and fibrogenic cytokine. We investigated the role of NADPH oxidase in Ang II-induced effects in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), a fibrogenic cell type. Human HSCs express mRNAs of key components of nonphagocytic NADPH oxidase. Ang II phosphorylated p47phox, a regulatory subunit of NADPH oxidase, and induced reactive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms by which hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces liver fibrosis are unknown. Hepatocytes secrete HCV proteins, which may interact with hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Our aims were to investigate whether HCV proteins induce fibrogenic effects on HSCs. METHODS & RESULTS Human-activated HSCs expressed messenger RNA (mRNA) for the(More)
Liver fibrosis is characterized by an increased deposition of extracellular matrix proteins, including collagen type I, by activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Previous studies have shown that this increase is mediated primarily by a post-transcriptional mechanism. In particular, the RNA-binding protein alphaCP binds to the alpha1(I) collagen(More)
Hepatic stellate cells are the major source of extracellular matrix proteins in hepatic fibrosis, including Type I collagen. In response to liver injury, the hepatic stellate cells change from a quiescent to an activated phenotype. This activation process includes a phenotypic change to a myofibroblast-like cell, increased proliferation rate, loss of(More)
The stability of collagen alpha1(I) mRNA is regulated by its 5' stem-loop, which binds a cytoplasmic protein in a cap-dependent manner, and its 3'-untranslated region (UTR), which binds alphaCP. When cultured in a three-dimensional gel composed of type I collagen, mouse fibroblasts had decreased collagen alpha1(I) mRNA steady-state levels, which resulted(More)
There are several independent metabolic steps that determine the level of a protein in eukaryotic cells. The steady-state level of the mRNA encoding the specific protein is determined by rate of transcription, percentage of transcripts that are ultimately processed and transported to the cytoplasm, and half-life of the mRNA in cytoplasm. The amount of(More)
Activated hepatic stellate cells produce increased type I collagen in hepatic fibrosis. The increase in type I collagen protein results from an increase in mRNA levels that is mainly mediated by increased mRNA stability. Protein-RNA interactions in the 3'-UTR of the collagen alpha1(I) mRNA correlate with stabilization of the mRNA during hepatic stellate(More)
The regulation of collagen alpha1(I) expression in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) occurs in a complex fashion that is just beginning to be determined. The presence of regulatory sequences in both the 5' and 3' regions of the mRNA appear to be critical to its regulation in HSCs and are involved in the increased expression of collagen in activated HSCs. The 3'(More)
We have examined the kinetics of processing of the HIV-1 Gag-Pro-Pol precursor in an in vitro assay with mature protease added in trans. The processing sites were cleaved at different rates to produce distinct intermediates. The initial cleavage occurred at the p2/NC site. Intermediate cleavages occurred at similar rates at the MA/CA and RT/IN sites, and to(More)