Jeffrey Millard

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Quantitative measurements of the blood vessel wall area may provide useful information of atherosclerotic plaque burden, progression and/or regression. Magnetic resonance imaging is a promising technique for identifying both luminal and outer wall boundaries of the human blood vessels. Currently these boundaries are primarily defined manually, a process(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether fractal dimension of radiographs provide measures of trabecular bone structure which correlate with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone biomechanics, and whether these relationships depend on the technique used to calculate the fractal dimension. Eighty seven cubic specimen of human trabecular bone were(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop constants for the log-linear cosolvent model, thereby allowing accurate prediction of solubilization in the most common pharmaceutical cosolvents: propylene glycol, ethanol, polyethylene glycol 400, and glycerin. The solubilization power (sigma) of each cosolvent was determined for a large number of organic compounds(More)
Trabecular bone structure and bone density contribute to the strength of bone and are potentially important in the study of osteoporosis. Fourier transforms of the textural patterns in radiographs of trabecular bone have previously been used for the measurement of trabecular bone structure in subjects, however, the relationship between these measures and(More)
Our purpose in this study was (i) to measure trabecular bone structure using fractal analysis of distal radius radiographs in subjects with and without osteoporotic hip fractures, and (ii) to compare these measures with bone mineral density (BMD) as well as with measures of trabecular bone structure derived from high resolution magnetic resonance (MR)(More)
A Gelfoam based ocular device containing 1.7 mg of phenylephrine and 0.6 mg of tropicamide was formulated and evaluated for pupillary dilation in rabbits. The manufacturing procedure is fairly simple and the required excipients are inexpensive. The in vivo results show that the mydriatic response produced by the proposed device is larger and longer lasting(More)
Patients on haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis due to renal failure have an unusually high incidence of kidney stones (from 5 to 51% depending on methodology). However, there is a controversy on the composition of these stones - whether they are calcium oxalate stones or matrix stones. This paper presents ultrastructural evidence that these stones are in(More)
We describe the technique and illustrate results of renal calculi analyses utilizing correlative analytical scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microdiffractometry on the same 100 micrometer Spurr embedded sections. Essential to the technique is the employment of an extremely sensitive x-ray microdiffractometer, and for morphological analysis,(More)
Skylight polarization, which varies with the position of the sun in the sky, influences the contrast of oil on water. Good contrast is most consistently obtained by viewing in azimuth directions toward or away from the sun. Contrast is enhanced by imaging selected polarization components and by taking the difference between orthogonal polarization(More)