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Apoptosis is a morphologically defined form of programmed cell death seen in a variety of circumstances, including immune cell selection, carcinogenesis and development. Apoptosis has very recently been seen after ischemic or traumatic injury to the central nervous system (CNS), suggesting that active cell death as well as passive necrosis may mediate(More)
Twenty-five years ago, glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH, EC was described as a hormonally dependent enzyme in the brain, and since then has been characterized for its developmental regulation and as a marker for oligodendrocytes. These studies describe the cloning of GPDH mRNA from adult rat hippocampus and its characterization as an in vivo(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones, acting through two types of intracellular receptors to modulate gene activity, have diverse behavioral, neurochemical and neurodegenerative effects in hippocampus. We have previously cloned hippocampal mRNAs that respond to the endogenous glucocorticoid, corticosterone (CORT): glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (EC; GPDH), an(More)
A hippocampal poly(A) RNA, pADHC-9, was cloned by differential screening of a human hippocampal cDNA library. By RNA blot analysis, pADHC-9 was elevated 2-fold in Alzheimer's disease hippocampus. In situ analyses identified pADHC-9 expression in pyramidal and non-pyramidal cells of the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex. Nucleotide sequence analysis(More)
RNA coding for a 50 kDa polypeptide decreased by 50% in 5 brain regions after corticosterone (CORT) treatment (40 mg/kg for 3 days). By hybrid selection and in vitro translation, the 50 kDa polypeptide is identified as glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Hippocampal GFAP mRNA (2.9 kb) decreases in a dose-dependent manner in response to CORT by RNA blot(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) ontogeny and distribution in postnatal rat brain have been demonstrated, but onset and distribution of GR gene expression during fetal life has not been reported. This study focuses on the distribution of GR-mRNA in the fetal and postnatal rat forebrain, with emphasis on hypothalamic and limbic structures. Time pregnant rats(More)
This study extends the unexpected finding of Sloviter et al. (Science, 1989, 243: 535-538) that adrenalectomy (ADX) of young rats casues a loss of granule neurons in the dentate gyrus. In particular, we determined how the vulnerability of dentate granule neurons to the cytocidal effect of ADX is related to the completeness of the ADX and whether sulfated(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are highly pathogenic if secreted in excess. Recent work shows that such deleterious consequences include damage to the hippocampus, a principal neural target site for GCs. Excessive chronic exposure to GCs accelerates senescent hippocampal neuron loss, while the presence of GCs at the time of neurological insults, such as seizure or(More)
The goal of this study was to develop a new approach to study the pharmacology of the dopamine D(4) receptor that could be used in comparative studies with dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptors. Stable HEK-293 cell lines co-expressing recombinant human D(2L), D(3) or D(4) receptors along with Galpha(qo5) cDNA were prepared. Dopamine induced a robust, transient(More)
Mechanisms controlling the synthesis of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) in neonatal rats, and the ontogeny of glucocorticoid (GC) feedback control of hypothalamic CRH remain unknown. Specific issues are whether stress induces up-regulation of CRH gene expression during the first postnatal week, and the role of GC feedback, at the hypothalamic level,(More)