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Patients with halitosis may seek treatment from dental clinicians for their perceived oral malodour. In this article, an examination protocol, classification system and treatment needs for such patients are outlined. Physiologic halitosis, oral pathologic halitosis and pseudo-halitosis would be in the treatment realm of dental practitioners. Management may(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and mode of ProFile (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Johnson City, TN) instrument separation during a predefined schedule of clinical use by the undergraduate students in a dental school over 4 years. A total of 3,706 ProFile instruments discarded from the same undergraduate students program between 2003 and(More)
Although tongue brushing and appropriate mouthrinses are both important and basic treatment measures for halitosis, other dental treatments are sometimes required. The treatment of genuine halitosis caused by oral conditions is not complex. In addition to genuine halitosis patients, psychosomatic halitosis patients also visit dental practitioners. Although(More)
INTRODUCTION Single use of endodontic nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments has been recommended to reduce instrument fatigue and the possibility of cross-contamination. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the defects of three NiTi rotary systems (ProFile series 29 [Dentsply Tulsa Dental Products, Tulsa, OK], ProFile [Dentsply Tulsa Dental Products], and(More)
Pulpal disease is intimately associated with the immune system's response to bacteria products. Clinical pathology is mediated in part by the production of pyrogenic cytokines, especially interleukin (IL)-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and IL-6. Methyl mercaptan (CH3SH), a volatile sulfur compound produced by anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria, has(More)
Tongue brushing and mouth rinsing are basic treatment measures for halitosis, and as such are categorised as treatment needs (TN)-1. Although TN-1 is used for treatment of physiologic halitosis treatment, pseudo-, extra oral pathologic or halitophobic patients must also be managed with TN-1 as well as other treatments. Since the origin of physiological(More)
Dental practitioners have traditionally neglected halitosis despite its high priority for the public, but practitioners' interest in halitosis has recently increased. Although oral pathologic or physiologic halitosis is easily reduced by a suitable treatment based on the treatment needs, systemic and psychological conditions sometimes confuse practitioners.(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of the study was to analyze the incidence and mode of ProFile Vortex instrument (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) defects during a predefined schedule of clinical use by the undergraduate students in a dental school setting and to examine the metallurgical characteristics of unused and clinically used Vortex instruments. (More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of different volumes of 17% EDTA for final rinse on smear layer removal on the different areas of the root canal. STUDY DESIGN Forty single-rooted teeth were instrumented using rotary instruments. The teeth were divided into 3 test groups according to the EDTA volume for final rinse (5 mL, 10(More)
Patients affected by psychosomatic halitosis never wish to visit a psychologic specialist, because they cannot recognize their own psychosomatic condition. They also never doubt that they have offensive oral malodor. Other people's behavior, such as covering the nose or averting the face, is interpreted by these patients as an indication that their breath(More)