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Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana) use their antennae to detect a wall and to maintain a constant distance from it as they walk or run along it. The faster they run, the closer they position themselves to the wall. They also use their antennae to detect and follow multiple accordion-like projections in the wall. They can make up to 25 body turns s-1 for(More)
We have investigated the morphology of the giant interneurons (GIs) and the main sensory projections to these interneurons in the American cockroach. These neurons are thought to mediate the animal's escape behavior. We describe here the dendritic branching pattern of each of the 14 GIs (7 bilateral pairs) in the terminal ganglion, the pattern of projection(More)
The cockroach Periplaneta americana responds to wind puffs by turning away, both on the ground and when flying. While on the ground, the ventral giant interneurons (ventrals) encode the wind direction and specify turn direction, whereas while flying the dorsal giant interneurons (dorsals) appear to do so. We report here on responses of these cells to(More)
Cockroaches respond to the approach of a predator by turning away and then running. Three bilateral pairs of giant interneurons are involved in determining the direction of the sensory stimulus and setting the turn direction. Each of these six interneurons has a different directional response to wind stimuli. We have tested whether these six cells use a(More)
We tested two alternative models of integration among the cockroach giant interneurons (GIs) for determining the directions of wind-evoked escape turns. One model, called steering wheel, pits contralateral GIs against one another; the other, called population vector model, involves a vector computation among the GIs. In testing each model theoretically, the(More)
1. In a tethered cockroach (Periplaneta americana) whose wings have been cut back to stumps, it is possible to elicit brief sequences of flight-like activity by puffing wind on the animal's body. 2. During such brief sequences, rhythmic bursts of action potentials coming from the thorax at the wingbeat frequency, descend the abdominal nerve cord to the last(More)
The escape behavior of the cockroach Periplaneta americana was studied by means of high speed filming (250 frames/s) and a computer-graphical analysis of the body and leg movements. The results are as follows: 1. The behavior begins with pure rotation of the body about the posteriorly located cerci, followed by rotation plus forward translation, and finally(More)
1. The escape behavior of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana, is known to be modulated under various behavioral conditions (Camhi and Volman 1978; Camhi and Nolen 1981; Camhi 1988). Some of these modulatory effects occur in the last abdominal ganglion (Daley and Delcomyn 1981a, b; Libersat et al. 1989) and others in the thoracic ganglia (Camhi 1988).(More)
The cockroach Periplaneta americana responds to the approach of a predator by turning away. A gentle wind gust, caused by the predator's approach, excites cercal wind receptors, which encode both the presence and the direction of the stimulus. These cells in turn excite a group of giant interneurons (GI's) whose axons convey the directional information to(More)