Jeffrey M Brunstrom

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There is every indication that most of our flavor preferences and dietary behaviors are learned. Despite this, we know very little about the underlying mechanisms. This paper considers reasons why this might be the case. In addition to considering particular methodological issues and the potential relevance of a 'critical developmental period', emphasis is(More)
Unlike energy expenditure, energy intake occurs during discrete events: snacks and meals. The prevailing view is that meal size is governed by physiological and psychological events that promote satiation towards the end of a meal. This review explores an alternative and perhaps controversial proposition. Specifically that satiation plays a secondary role,(More)
The availability of highly palatable food is thought to stimulate the selection of larger meals (leading to weight gain and obesity). In this article, we explore aspects of this proposition. Specifically, we scrutinize two basic assumptions: (i) palatable energy-dense foods are more rewarding (desired), and (ii) these palatable foods are selected in(More)
Previously, we have used a 'method of constant stimuli' to quantify the satiety that different foods are expected to deliver. Our data indicate that foods differ considerably (some are expected to deliver 5-6 times more satiety than others [per kcal]). In the present study we explored the relative importance of 'expected satiety' in decisions about portion(More)
Exposure to the sight and smell of food influences our momentary desire to consume it. This study explored the process by which cue exposure promotes greater consumption of food. Three hypotheses were explored, cue exposure: (i) increases the planned consumption of food; (ii) increases tolerance of larger portion sizes; (iii) arrests the development of(More)
Global pitch depends on harmonic relations between components, but the perceptual coherence of a complex tone cannot be explained in the same way. Instead, it has been proposed that the auditory system responds to a common pattern of equal spacing between components, but is only sensitive to deviations from this pattern over a limited range [Roberts and(More)
It is unclear whether the perceptual segregation of a mistuned harmonic from a periodic complex tone depends specifically on harmonic relations between the other components. A procedure used previously for harmonic complexes [W. M. Hartmann et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 1712-1724 (1990)] was adapted and extended to regular inharmonic complexes. On each(More)
Self-selected meals tend to be consumed in their entirety. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about the cognition associated with meal planning. Previously, we have shown that expected satiation is an excellent predictor of the energy content of self-selected meals. In the present study we sought to quantify the extent to which this relationship is(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of distracting stimuli during eating increases the meal size and could thereby contribute to overeating and obesity. However, the effects of within-meal distraction on later food intake are less clear. OBJECTIVE We sought to test the hypothesis that distraction inhibits memory encoding for a meal, which, in turn, increases later(More)