Jeffrey L. Thorne

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Bayesian methods for estimating evolutionary divergence times are extended to multigene data sets, and a technique is described for detecting correlated changes in evolutionary rates among genes. Simulations are employed to explore the effect of multigene data on divergence time estimation, and the methodology is illustrated with a previously published data(More)
A simple model for the evolution of the rate of molecular evolution is presented. With a Bayesian approach, this model can serve as the basis for estimating dates of important evolutionary events even in the absence of the assumption of constant rates among evolutionary lineages. The method can be used in conjunction with any of the widely used models for(More)
Rates of molecular evolution vary over time and, hence, among lineages. In contrast, widely used methods for estimating divergence times from molecular sequence data assume constancy of rates. Therefore, methods for estimation of divergence times that incorporate rate variation are attractive. Improvements on a previously proposed Bayesian technique for(More)
Most algorithms for the alignment of biological sequences are not derived from an evolutionary model. Consequently, these alignment algorithms lack a strong statistical basis. A maximum likelihood method for the alignment of two DNA sequences is presented. This method is based upon a statistical model of DNA sequence evolution for which we have obtained(More)
Our previous evolutionary model is generalized to permit approximate treatment of multiple-base insertions and deletions as well as regional heterogeneity of substitution rates. Parameter estimation and alignment procedures that incorporate these generalizations are developed. Simulations are used to assess the accuracy of the parameter estimation procedure(More)
An evolutionary model that combines protein secondary structure and amino acid replacement is introduced. It allows likelihood analysis of aligned protein sequences and does not require the underlying secondary (or tertiary) structures of these sequences to be known. One component of the model describes the organization of secondary structure along a(More)
Previously proposed methods for protein secondary structure prediction from multiple sequence alignments do not efficiently extract the evolutionary information that these alignments contain. The predictions of these methods are less accurate than they could be, because of their failure to consider explicitly the phylogenetic tree that relates aligned(More)
Empirically derived models of amino acid replacement are employed to study the association between various physical features of proteins and evolution. The strengths of these associations are statistically evaluated by applying the models of protein evolution to 11 diverse sets of protein sequences. Parametric bootstrap tests indicate that the solvent(More)
Markovian models of protein evolution that relax the assumption of independent change among codons are considered. With this comparatively realistic framework, an evolutionary rate at a site can depend both on the state of the site and on the states of surrounding sites. By allowing a relatively general dependence structure among sites, models of evolution(More)
The insect order Diptera, the true flies, contains one of the four largest Mesozoic insect radiations within its suborder Brachycera. Estimates of phylogenetic relationships and divergence dates among the major brachyceran lineages have been problematic or vague because of a lack of consistent evidence and the rarity of well-preserved fossils. Here, we(More)