Jeffrey L . Salisbury

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Centrin is a member of the calcium-binding EF-hand protein superfamily present in centrosomes of widely divergent species. Investigating the cellular distribution of human centrin by both immunofluorescence and cell fractionation, we report that centrin is biochemically complex in human cells, displaying as much as ten isoforms in 2-D electrophoresis. This(More)
BACKGROUND Centrosomes are the favored microtubule-organizing framework of eukaryotic cells. Centrosomes contain a pair of centrioles that normally duplicate once during the cell cycle to give rise to two mitotic spindle poles, each containing one old and one new centriole. However, aside from their role as an anchor point for pericentriolar material and as(More)
Monoclonal antibodies were raised against calmodulin purified from Dictyostelium discoideum. To increase its antigenicity, the calmodulin was conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin; mice were immunized with the conjugate. Hybridomas producing antibodies against calmodulin were identified by screening culture supernatants with calmodulin coupled to bovine(More)
Previously, we reported that flagellar excision in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is mediated by an active process whereby microtubules are severed at select sites within the flagellar-basal body transition zone (Sanders, M. A., and J. L. Salisbury. 1989. J. Cell Biol. 108:1751-1760). At the time of flagellar excision, stellate fibers of the transition zone(More)
Chlamydomonas cells excise their flagella in response to a variety of experimental conditions (e.g., extremes of temperature or pH, alcohol or detergent treatment, and mechanical shear). Here, we show that flagellar excision is an active process whereby microtubules are severed at select sites within the transition zone. The transition zone is located(More)
A human cDNA expression library was screened using anti-centrin antibodies to obtain a cDNA clone encoding human centrin. The cDNA clone contains an open reading frame of 516 base pairs and predicts a product of 172 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 19,528 and a pI of 4.61. Sequence analysis demonstrates that human centrin and centrins from(More)
The Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK and PI3K/PTEN/AKT signaling cascades play critical roles in the transmission of signals from growth factor receptors to regulate gene expression and prevent apoptosis. Components of these pathways are mutated or aberrantly expressed in human cancer (e.g., Ras, B-Raf, PI3K, PTEN, Akt). Also, mutations occur at genes encoding upstream(More)
We report the isolation of striated flagellar roots from the Prasinophycean green alga Tetraselmis striata using sedimentation in gradients of sucrose and flotation on gradients of colloidal silica. PAGE in the presence of 0.1% SDS demonstrates that striated flagellar roots are composed of a number of polypeptides, the most predominant one being a protein(More)
Mounting evidence implicates the protein centrin as a key regulator of centriole duplication, yet it remains to be determined just how centrin functions in this process. Recent studies suggest that centrin exerts both spatial and temporal control over centriole duplication through its role as a component of centriole precursor structures and through(More)
Earlier studies of invasive breast tumors have shown that 60-80% are aneuploid and approximately 80% exhibit amplified centrosomes. In this study, we investigated the relationship of centrosome amplification with aneuploidy, chromosomal instability, p53 mutation, and loss of differentiation in human breast tumors. Twenty invasive breast tumors and seven(More)