Jeffrey L. Merriam

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The TGF-beta superfamily of growth and differentiation factors, including TGF-beta, Activins and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play critical roles in regulating the development of many organisms. These factors signal through a heteromeric complex of type I and II serine/threonine kinase receptors that phosphorylate members of the Smad family of(More)
This report describes spatial and temporal aspects of sperm penetration and intracytoplasmic migration, pronuclear evolution and the specificity of presyngamic opposition, stage-specific changes in cytoskeletal organization and the relative contribution of maternal and paternal components to mitotic spindle formation. These studies involved observations of(More)
The Ultrabithorax (Ubx) gene of the Drosophila bithorax complex is required to specify parasegments 5 and 6. Two P-element "enhancer traps" have been recovered within the locus that contain the bacterial lacZ gene under the control of the P-element promoter. The P insertion that is closer to the Ubx promoter expresses lacZ in a pattern similar to that of(More)
A total of 518 normal-appearing, meiotically mature human oocytes that were judged unfertilized after insemination in vitro were examined for sperm penetration by conventional fluorescence and laser scanning confocal microscopy with DNA-specific probes. A similar analysis was performed on 29 single pronuclear oocytes that were presumed to originate by(More)
The humoral immune response to human serum albumin (HSA) microinfused into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been measured in serum, cervical lymph nodes, and spleen of Sprague-Dawley rats. Conditions were designed to promote normal brain barrier function. Serum titers of anti-HSA antibodies, primarily IgG, increased over 10 days and then persisted for at least(More)
Minutes (M) are a group of over 50 phenotypically similar Drosophila mutations widely believed to affect ribosomal protein genes. This report describes the characterization of the P element-induced M(3)95A(Plac92) mutation [allelic to M(3)95A]. This mutation can be reversed by the mobilization of the P element, demonstrating that the mutation is caused by(More)
Type I repressors control P element transposition and comprise full length elements and elements with small 3' deletions in the final exon. Using a sensitive assay for measuring the strength of repression of P element transposition in somatic and germline tissues, we have isolated and characterized a naturally occurring type I repressor element from a Q(More)
Minutes comprise > 50 phenotypically similar mutations scattered throughout the genome of Drosophila, many of which are identified as mutations in ribosomal protein (rp) genes. Common traits of the Minute phenotype are short and thin bristles, slow development, and recessive lethality. By mobilizing a P element inserted in the 5' UTR of M(3)95A, the gene(More)
Data on the plasma halflife of gentamicin during the elimination phase were collected from the literature for 30 species for analysis of the effects of bodyweight and taxonomy. Log halflife was significantly correlated to log bodyweight between species of birds (r = 0.784, n = 9, P less than 0.05) and mammals (r = 0.873, n = 13, P less than 0.001), but not(More)
Routine determination of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is performed in numerous laboratories around the world using one of three families of methods: UV oxidation (UV), persulfate oxidation (PO), or high temperature combustion (HTC). Essentially all routine methods measure total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and calculate DON by subtracting the dissolved(More)