Jeffrey L Jasperse

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1. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that ageing impairs the active muscle hyperaemia consequent to dynamic exercise in humans. 2. Eleven young (19-29 years) and eleven older (60-74 years) healthy, non-obese men with similar chronic physical activity levels and forearm size performed two protocols of dynamic handgrip exercise: (a) brief (1 min),(More)
To date, no satisfactory explanation has been provided for the immediate increase in blood flow to skeletal muscles at the onset of exercise. We hypothesized that rapid vasodilatation is a consequence of release of a vasoactive substance from the endothelium owing to mechanical deformation of the vasculature during contraction. Rat soleus feed arteries were(More)
Endurance exercise training (Ex) has been shown to increase maximal skeletal muscle blood flow. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that increased endothelium-dependent vasodilation is associated with the Ex-induced increase in muscle blood flow. Furthermore, we hypothesized that enhanced endothelium-dependent dilation is confined to(More)
We tested the hypothesis that hindlimb unweighting (HLU) and the associated reduction in soleus muscle blood flow causes decreased expression of endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) mRNA and protein and attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses in rat soleus feed arteries (SFA). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to HLU (n = 12) or(More)
This review summarizes and examines the evidence from experiments using animal models to determine the effect of endurance exercise training on endothelium-dependent dilation in the arterial circulation. The response of the endothelium to exercise training is complex and depends on a number of factors that include the duration of the training program, the(More)
Flow-induced dilation is thought to contribute to dilation of skeletal muscle arteries and arterioles during exercise hyperemia. We sought to determine whether rat soleus feed arteries (SFA) exhibit flow-induced dilation and to evaluate the potential contribution of flow-induced dilation of SFA to exercise hyperemia. Rat SFA were isolated and cannulated to(More)
This review discusses the role of the endothelium in the regulation of coronary vascular function. The role of endothelium-mediated mechanisms at rest, during exercise, in exercise training-induced adaptations of coronary function and in the presence of coronary heart disease (CHD) are examined. Mechanisms of control of coronary blood flow are briefly(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that porcine skeletal muscle arteries exhibit concentration-dependent vasodilation in response to acetylcholine (ACH) as observed in other mammals. We conducted three experiments. First, vasorelaxation responses to ACH were examined in isolated segments of femoral and brachial arteries, mounted on(More)
Cardiovascular dysfunction is characteristic of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism. Endothelium-dependent dilation of conductance vessels is impaired in hypothyroidism but augmented in hyperthyroidism. We hypothesized that these alterations in dilation extend into the resistance vasculature of skeletal muscle. To test this hypothesis, rats were made hypothyroid(More)