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fMRI can objectively measure pain-related neural activities in humans and animals, providing a valuable tool for studying the mechanisms of nociception and for developing new analgesics. However, due to its extreme sensitivity to subject motion, pain fMRI studies are performed in animals that are immobilized, typically with anesthesia. Since anesthesia(More)
OBJECTIVE Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of articular cartilage represents a powerful tool in osteoarthritis (OA) research, but has so far been confined to a field strength of 1.5T. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of quantitative MRI assessments of human cartilage morphology at 3.0T and to correlate the measurements at(More)
Buprenorphine (BUP) is a partial agonist at μ-, δ- and ORL1 (opioid receptor-like)/nociceptin receptors and antagonist at the κ-opioid receptor site. BUP is known to have both analgesic as well as antihyperalgesic effects via its central activity, and is used in the treatment of moderate to severe chronic pain conditions. Recently, it was shown that(More)
MRI-based cartilage morphometry was previously validated in the absence of gadopentate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA). However, Gd-DTPA is required for compositional (proteoglycan) imaging using delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC). Therefore, the effect of Gd-DTPA on cartilage morphometry was studied. A total of 165 female participants (67 with(More)
Pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) is one method by which a drug's pharmacodynamic effects in the brain can be assessed. Although phMRI has been frequently used in preclinical and clinical settings, the extent to which a phMRI signature for a compound translates between rodents and humans has not been systematically examined. In the current(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) made up of aggregated tau protein have been identified as the pathologic hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. In vivo detection of NFTs using PET imaging represents a unique opportunity to develop a pharmacodynamic tool to accelerate the discovery of new disease modifying therapeutics(More)
Cerebral blood volume (CBV) fMRI with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (USPIO) as a contrast agent was used to investigate olfactory processing in rats. fMRI data were acquired in sixteen 0.75-mm coronal slices covering the olfactory bulb (OB) and higher olfactory regions (HOR), including the anterior olfactory nucleus and piriform cortex.(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 20% of the adult population suffer from chronic pain that is not adequately treated by current therapies, highlighting a great need for improved treatment options. To develop effective analgesics, experimental human and animal models of pain are critical. Topically/intra-dermally applied capsaicin induces hyperalgesia and allodynia(More)
To date, the blood oxygenated-level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique has enabled an objective and deeper understanding of pain processing mechanisms embedded within the human central nervous system (CNS). In order to further comprehend the benefits and limitations of BOLD fMRI in the context of pain as well as the(More)
Cerebral blood volume (CBV) fMRI with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (USPIO) as contrast agent was used to investigate the odorant-induced olfaction in anesthetized rhesus monkeys. fMRI data were acquired in 24 axial slices covering the entire brain, with isoamyl-acetate as the odor stimulant. For each experiment, multiple fMRI measurements were(More)