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Magnetic resonance is an exceptionally powerful and versatile measurement technique. The basic structure of a magnetic resonance experiment has remained largely unchanged for almost 50 years, being mainly restricted to the qualitative probing of only a limited set of the properties that can in principle be accessed by this technique. Here we introduce an(More)
PURPOSE To perform a phase II clinical trial to evaluate efficacy and safety of interactive magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided radiofrequency (RF) interstitial thermal ablation (ITA) of primary renal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten male patients (age range, 25-83 years) with peripheral renal cell carcinoma and contraindications to surgery were(More)
OBJECTIVE This investigation was performed to test the hypotheses that interactive guidance of MR image acquisition during needle-directed procedures using a clinical 0.2-T C-arm open MR imaging system integrated with a frameless optically linked stereotaxy system is feasible, and that procedure times can be sufficiently short to be well tolerated by the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the accuracy of MR Imaging for needle depiction at 0.2 and 1.5 T with multiple pulse sequences and needle orientations. The goal was to provide a framework for biopsy approach and imaging technique parameter selection that will ensure the safety and accuracy of MR-guided procedures. MATERIALS AND(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate an augmented reality (AR) system in combination with a 1.5-T closed-bore magnetic resonance (MR) imager as a navigation tool for needle biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS The experimental protocol had institutional animal care and use committee approval. Seventy biopsies were performed in phantoms by using 20 tube targets, each with a(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypotheses that (a) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided radio-frequency (RF) thermal ablation of the vertebrae is feasible in porcine models, (b) procedure safety depends on the location of ablation within the vertebra, and (c) MR imaging allows accurate monitoring of induced thermal lesion size and shape. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten(More)
A variety of methods has been developed for quantitating flow in vivo. These are usually based on the principles of velocity-phase or TOF information. The former allows a point-by-point 2D image of velocity, but also has other manifestations involving real-time 1D projections or 1D projections with 1D velocity information (flow zeugmatography). The TOF(More)
Fourteen percutaneous sclerotherapy procedures with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging guidance were performed in three patients with low-flow vascular malformations. All targeted vascular malformation compartments were filled with sclerosing agent without complications in a mean procedural time of 29 minutes. Follow-up imaging demonstrated reduction in size(More)
This clinical trial was performed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of interactive MR-guided radiofrequency (RF) interstitial thermal ablation (ITA) performed entirely within the MR imager. RF-ITA was performed on 11 intra-abdominal metastatic tumors during 13 sessions. The RF electrode was placed under MR guidance on a .2-T system using rapid fast(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the contribution and interdependence of multiple imaging parameters in clinical imaging sequences to aid practicing radiologists in minimizing artifacts during MR imaging of the spine after implantation of titanium pedicle screws. MATERIALS AND METHODS A lumbar spine specimen with titanium pedicle screws implanted in the(More)