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Chronic pain, sickness behaviors, and cognitive decline are symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis. In the adjuvant-induced arthritis Lewis rat model, we examined the dynamics of c-Fos expression in the hippocampus, a brain region important for these symptoms. Brain sections were stained for c-Fos using immunohistochemistry. c-Fos-positive nuclei were counted in(More)
There is increasing impetus to begin disease-modifying therapy for relapsing multiple (R-MS) early, before the development of irreversible tissue damage and resultant permanent disability. However, all of the currently-approved therapies for relapsing multiple sclerosis are only partially effective for patients as a group. Treatment failure can be due to(More)
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