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Diethylstilbestrol (DES) was administered neonatally (Days 2-12; 10 microg on alternate days) to rats, and developmental changes in Sertoli cell function were evaluated at 18, 25, and 35 days of age and compared to those observed in rats administered a GnRH antagonist (GnRHa; Days 2 and 5; 10 mg/kg) or a vehicle (controls). DES and GnRHa treatments resulted(More)
Proliferation and partial meiotic maturation of germ cells in fetal ovaries is believed to establish a finite, non-renewable pool of primordial follicles at birth. The supply of primordial follicles in postnatal life should be depleted during folliculogenesis, either undergoing atresia or surviving to ovulation. Recent studies of mouse ovaries propose that(More)
Trp63, a transcription factor related to the tumor suppressor p53, is activated by diverse stimuli and can initiate a range of cellular responses. TAp63 is the predominant Trp53 family member in primordial follicle oocyte nuclei and is essential for their apoptosis triggered by DNA damage in vivo. After γ-irradiation, induction of the proapoptotic BH3-only(More)
Abnormal sperm production and reduced fertility have been reported in transgenic male mice lacking the alpha-subtype of the estrogen receptor (ER)alpha or aromatase. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of estrogen in male reproductive function, by determining the effect of estradiol on testicular function in hypogonadal (hpg) mice congenitally(More)
The aim of this study was to identify potential androgen-regulated proteins (ARP) that might mediate the supportive effects of testosterone on spermatogenesis. Adult rats were injected with ethane dimethane sulphonate (EDS) to destroy Leydig cells and thus induce complete testosterone withdrawal. Other EDS-treated rats were injected with 25 mg testosterone(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to describe the sonographic appearance of the lesser metatarsal plantar plates in cadavers and to correlate these findings with MRI and histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six soft-embalmed cadaveric feet (74-92 years old; two male, one female) were imaged with sonography and MRI. Tear dimensions of the plantar plate(More)
Accurate estimation of the number of ovarian follicles at various stages of development is an important indicator of the process of folliculogenesis in relation to the endocrine signals and paracrine/autocrine mechanisms that control the growth and maturation of the oocytes and their supporting follicular cells. There are 10-fold or greater differences in(More)
  • J B Kerr
  • 1992
The seminiferous tubular compartment of the human testis occupies about two thirds of the volume of the organ and is supported by loose connective tissue containing the Leydig cells. Sertoli cells extend from the basal lamina to the lumen of the seminiferous tubule and provide structural and functional support to the germ cells which proliferate and mature(More)
The effects of FSH on the testicular interstitial tissue of immature hypophysectomized rats were studied by comparing morphological changes in Leydig cells with quantitative changes in interstitial tissue histology using morphometric analysis. Three groups of rats received subcutaneous injections of 0.5 ml saline vehicle or 10 micrograms rFSH or 20 ng oLH(More)