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Diethylstilbestrol (DES) was administered neonatally (Days 2-12; 10 microg on alternate days) to rats, and developmental changes in Sertoli cell function were evaluated at 18, 25, and 35 days of age and compared to those observed in rats administered a GnRH antagonist (GnRHa; Days 2 and 5; 10 mg/kg) or a vehicle (controls). DES and GnRHa treatments resulted(More)
This study was designed to explore the relationship between the intratesticular distribution of testosterone and spermatogenesis by completely destroying the Leydig cells of mature male rats with injection of a single i.p. dose of ethane dimethanesulphonate. After such treatment, testosterone levels in serum, testicular interstitial fluid, seminiferous(More)
Proliferation and partial meiotic maturation of germ cells in fetal ovaries is believed to establish a finite, non-renewable pool of primordial follicles at birth. The supply of primordial follicles in postnatal life should be depleted during folliculogenesis, either undergoing atresia or surviving to ovulation. Recent studies of mouse ovaries propose that(More)
Accurate estimation of the number of ovarian follicles at various stages of development is an important indicator of the process of folliculogenesis in relation to the endocrine signals and paracrine/autocrine mechanisms that control the growth and maturation of the oocytes and their supporting follicular cells. There are 10-fold or greater differences in(More)
Trp63, a transcription factor related to the tumor suppressor p53, is activated by diverse stimuli and can initiate a range of cellular responses. TAp63 is the predominant Trp53 family member in primordial follicle oocyte nuclei and is essential for their apoptosis triggered by DNA damage in vivo. After γ-irradiation, induction of the proapoptotic BH3-only(More)
Abnormal sperm production and reduced fertility have been reported in transgenic male mice lacking the alpha-subtype of the estrogen receptor (ER)alpha or aromatase. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of estrogen in male reproductive function, by determining the effect of estradiol on testicular function in hypogonadal (hpg) mice congenitally(More)
The aim of this study was to identify potential androgen-regulated proteins (ARP) that might mediate the supportive effects of testosterone on spermatogenesis. Adult rats were injected with ethane dimethane sulphonate (EDS) to destroy Leydig cells and thus induce complete testosterone withdrawal. Other EDS-treated rats were injected with 25 mg testosterone(More)
Testicular weight and morphology, serum gonadotropins, intratesticular levels of testosterone and ABP levels in testicular interstitial fluid were studied in adult rats at intervals of 1 to 70 days after a single oral dose of 650 mg/kg methoxy acetic acid. At 3 days, this treatment resulted in the selective loss or depletion of pachytene and later(More)