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In recent years, there has been a steady rise in the acceptance and use of GIS by a variety of organizations in accomplishing their tasks. From a technical perspective, data in electronic form are now far easier to exchange. GIS technology enables data integration across organizations (Campbell and Masser, 1991) and information sharing can stimulate(More)
The Agile project management methodology has been widely used in recent years as a means to counter the dangers of traditional, front-end planning methods that often lead to downstream development pathologies. Although numerous authors have pointed to the advantages of Agile, with its emphasis on individuals and interactions over processes, customer(More)
Introduction Previous research provides only partial evidence about the trends in interorganizational development and sharing of geographic information systems (GIS) and databases, the obstacles and facilitators of interorganizational activities, and the benefits derived from the joint activities. Anecdotal evidence is provided primarily through conference(More)
The recent dramatic increase in direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs has important implications for the pharmaceutical industry, physicians, and patients. One goal of direct advertising is to increase patient awareness of specific brands of medications while hoping to promote a greater frequency in office visits, presumably to specifically(More)
Chapter One Introduction In late 1990 and early 199 1, a methodological framework was developed for testing technology transfer hypotheses within GIS operational environments. The paper reporting this work was titled "Case Study Research Methods for Geographic Information Systems" (Onsrud, Pinto, and Azad 1992) and drew upon concepts developed by Alan Lee(More)
15 Introduction In the United States, the Federal National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) initiative calls for the development of an " information highway " to connect the variety of spatial data producers and users, including government, private sector, and academic institutions (FGDC 1994). Initiatives on data-sharing mechanisms, infrastructure,(More)