Jeffrey K Browne

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BACKGROUND In patients with end-stage renal disease, anemia develops as a result of erythropoietin deficiency, and recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin) is prescribed to correct the anemia partially. We examined the risks and benefits of normalizing the hematocrit in patients with cardiac disease who were undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS We studied(More)
We administered recombinant human erythropoietin to 25 anemic patients with end-stage renal disease who were undergoing hemodialysis. The recombinant human erythropoietin was given intravenously three times weekly after dialysis, and transfusion requirements, hematocrit, ferrokinetics, and reticulocyte responses were monitored. Over a range of doses between(More)
Studies on human erythropoietin (EPO) demonstrated that there is a direct relationship between the sialic acid-containing carbohydrate content of the molecule and its serum half-life and in vivo biological activity, but an inverse relationship with its receptor-binding affinity. These observations led to the hypothesis that increasing the carbohydrate(More)
Novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein (NESP) is a hyperglycosylated analogue of recombinant human erythropoietin (Epoetin) which has an increased terminal half-life in animal models. The aim of this study was to extend these observations to humans. Using a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design, the single-dose pharmacokinetics of Epoetin alfa (100(More)
The human erythropoietin gene has been isolated from a genomic phage library by using mixed 20-mer and 17-mer oligonucleotide probes. The entire coding region of the gene is contained in a 5.4-kilobase HindIII-BamHI fragment. The gene contains four intervening sequences (1562 base pairs) and five exons (582 base pairs). It encodes a 27-amino acid signal(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness and safety of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo). PATIENTS Hemodialysis patients (333) with uncomplicated anemia (hematocrit less than 0.30). All received rHuEpo intravenously, three times per week at 300 or 150 U/kg body weight, which was then reduced to 75 U/kg and adjusted to maintain the hematocrit(More)
OBJECTIVE Experiments on human erythropoietin (EPO) demonstrated that there is a direct relationship between the sialic acid-containing carbohydrate content of EPO, its circulating half-life, and in vivo bioactivity. This led to the hypothesis that an EPO analogue engineered to contain additional oligosaccharide chains would have enhanced biological(More)
In this study we have demonstrated an enhancement of cortically generated wave forms of the somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) following magnetic pulse stimulation of the human brain. Subcortically generated activity was unaltered. The enhancement of SEP amplitude was greatest when the median nerve was stimulated 30-70 msec following magnetic pulse(More)
Human recombinant erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has been purified to apparent homogeneity and compared to purified human urinary erythropoietin (EPO). Both the purified natural and recombinant EPO preparations were characterized in a competition radioimmunoassay (RIA), the exhypoxic polycythemic mouse bioassay, in vitro tissue culture bioassays using bone marrow(More)
We have demonstrated that magnetic pulse stimulation of the sensorimotor cortex suppresses perception of threshold electrical stimuli to the fingers of the contralateral hand. Maximum suppression of perception occurs when the fingers are stimulated 30-90 msec after the magnetic pulse. Thereafter, errors in perception of the cutaneous stimulus decrease to(More)