Jeffrey James Tarrand

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Sixty-one strains of the root-associated nitrogen fixer Spirillum lipoferum exhibited a similar morphology in peptone--succinate salts medium: vibrioid cells having a diameter of 1.0 micrometer. When grown in broth the cells had a single polar flagellum, but when grown on agar at 30 degrees C lateral flagella of shorter wavelength were also formed. The DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter-related bloodstream infections are associated with recognized morbidity and mortality, especially in critically ill patients. Accurate diagnosis of such infections results in proper management of patients and in reducing unnecessary removal of catheters. OBJECTIVE To evaluate differential time to positivity as a method for diagnosing(More)
We evaluated autopsy-proven invasive fungal infections (IFI) in patients with hematologic malignancies over three periods (1989-1993, 1994-1998, and 1999-2003). The autopsy rate declined significantly (67%-34%-26%, respectively p<0.0001). IFI were identified in 314 (31%) of 1017 autopsies. Most IFI (75%) were not diagnosed antemortem. The prevalence of(More)
From 1 November 1992 through 1 May 1993 and from 1 November 1993 through 1 May 1994, we conducted a prospective surveillance study at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (Houston) to evaluate the role of community respiratory virus infections in hospitalized adult bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients, Respiratory secretions were obtained(More)
Cancer patients are at risk for candidemia, and increasing Candida spp. resistance poses an emerging threat. We determined rates of antifungal drug resistance, identified factors associated with resistance, and investigated the correlation between resistance and all-cause mortality rates among cancer patients with ≥1 C. glabrata-positive blood culture at MD(More)
We prospectively evaluated the value of two levels of differential quantitative blood culture (DQBC) ratio (> or =2:1 or > or =5:1) in diagnosing catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in patients with malignancy that have short-term and long-term central venous catheters (CVCs) (<30 and > or =30 days of placement). Diagnosis of CRBSIs was based(More)
Autopsy studies remain an essential tool for understanding the patterns of fungal disease not detected ante mortem with current diagnostic approaches. We collected data concerning the microbiological trends, patient clinical characteristics and sites of involvement for invasive fungal infections (IFIs) identified at autopsy in a single large cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Rare opportunistic (non-Candida, non-Cryptococcus) yeast bloodstream infections (ROYBSIs) are rare, even in cancer patients. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed all episodes of ROYBSIs occurring from 1998 to 2010 in our cancer center. RESULTS Of 2984 blood cultures positive for Candida and non-Candida yeasts, 94 (3.1%) were positive for(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence, epidemiology, Candida species distribution, resistance patterns, and outcome of candidemia in high-risk hematologic malignancy and/or stem cell transplantation patients have not been extensively described since the introduction of new antifungal agents. METHODS In this retrospective study, the authors reviewed the medical records(More)
We used a polyphasic approach (sequencing analysis of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene and phenotypic analyses) to characterize 36 strains of Roseomonas species isolated from blood. Five strains, represented by strain MDA5176 (M.D. Anderson Cancer Center), were identified as Roseomonas gilardii. One strain belonged to Roseomonas genomospecies 4. The 22 strains(More)