Jeffrey J. Warren

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Excessive fertilization with organic and/or inorganic P amendments to cropland increases the potential risk of P loss to surface waters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of soil test P level, source, and application method of P amendments on P in runoff following soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. The treatments consisted of two rates(More)
We have investigated the kinetics of NO escape from Geobacillus stearothermophilus nitric oxide synthase (gsNOS). Previous work indicated that NO release was gated at position 223 in mammalian enzymes; our kinetics experiments include mutants at that position along with measurements on the wild type enzyme. Employing stopped-flow UV-vis methods, reactions(More)
We have designed ruthenium-modified Pseudomonas aeruginosa azurins that incorporate 3-nitrotyrosine (NO2YOH) between Ru(2,2'-bipyridine)2(imidazole)(histidine) and Cu redox centers in electron transfer (ET) pathways. We investigated the structures and reactivities of three different systems: RuH107NO2YOH109, RuH124NO2YOH122, and RuH126NO2YOH122.(More)
Continued inputs of fertilizer and manure in excess of crop requirements have led to a build-up of soil phosphorus (P) levels and increased P runoff from agricultural soils. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of two tillage practices (no-till and chisel plow) and a range of soil P levels on the concentration and loads of dissolved(More)
Blue copper proteins (BCPs) comprise classic cases of Nature's profound control over the electronic structures and chemical reactivity of transition metal ions. Early studies of BCPs focused on their inner coordination spheres, that is, residues that directly coordinate Cu. Equally important are the electronic and geometric perturbations to these ligands(More)
Redox reactions of tyrosine play key roles in many biological processes, including water oxidation and DNA synthesis. We first review the redox properties of tyrosine (and other phenols) in small molecules and related polypeptides, then report work on (H20)/(Y48)-modified Pseudomonas aeruginosa azurin. The crystal structure of this protein (1.18Å(More)
Biological redox machines require efficient transfer of electrons and holes for function. Reactions involving multiple tunneling steps, termed "hopping," often promote charge separation within and between proteins that is essential for energy storage and conversion. Here we show how semiclassical electron transfer theory can be extended to include hopping(More)
Complete 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signal assignments have been established for 5 alpha-cholestan-3 beta-ol, 22 unsaturated C27 sterols, and their acetate derivatives. Assignments were made from a combination of 1D and 2D spectra and include stereochemical 1H assignments for the C-22 and C-23 protons of 5 alpha-cholesta-8,24-dien-3 beta-ol(More)
We used Linear Genetic Programming (LGP) to study the extent to which automated learning techniques may be used to improve Unexploded Ordinance (UXO) discrimination from Protem-47 and Geonics EM61 non-invasive electromagnetic sensors. We conclude that: (1) Even after geophysicists have analyzed the EM61 signals and ranked anomalies in order of the(More)
Photosynthetic reaction centers (PRCs) employ multiple-step tunneling (hopping) to separate electrons and holes that ultimately drive the chemistry required for metabolism. We recently developed hopping maps that can be used to interpret the rates and energetics of electron/hole hopping in three-site (donor-intermediate-acceptor) tunneling reactions,(More)