Jeffrey J. Sacks

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BACKGROUND Excessive alcohol consumption causes premature death (average of 79,000 deaths annually); increased disease and injury; property damage from fire and motor vehicle crashes; alcohol-related crime; and lost productivity. However, its economic cost has not been assessed for the U.S. since 1998. PURPOSE To update prior national estimates of the(More)
Completed suicides reflect only a portion of the impact of suicidal behavior; sublethal behaviors cause morbidity and can signal treatable problems such as depression. There is no national quantification of nonlethal suicidal behaviors. The present study used a random-digit-dialed telephone survey to estimate the 12-month incidence of suicidal ideation,(More)
Attitudinal acceptance of intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important correlate of violent behavior. This study examined acceptance of IPV using data collected from a nationally representative telephone survey of 5,238 adults. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to test for associations between sociodemographic characteristics, exposure(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the magnitude of the dog bite problem in the US. METHODS Data on dog bites were gathered as part of a 1994 national telephone survey of 5,238 randomly dialed households. Data were weighted to provide national estimates. RESULTS The weighted total number of dog bites was 4,494,083 (estimated incidence = 18/1,000 population); of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of dog bites in the USA and compare it with similar estimates from 1994. DESIGN Nationally representative cross-sectional, list-assisted, random-digit-dialed telephone survey conducted during 2001-2003. METHODS Weighted estimates were generated from data collected by surveying 9684 households during 2001-2003 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of and the annual number of ambulatory health care visits for pediatric arthritis and other rheumatologic conditions. METHODS We used physician office visit, outpatient department visit, and emergency department visit data from the 2001-2004 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and 2001-2004 National Hospital(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been limited characterization of the burden of anxiety and depression, especially the former, among US adults with arthritis in the general population. The study objective was to estimate the prevalence and correlates of anxiety and depression among US adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis. METHODS The study sample comprised US adults(More)
OBJECTIVE Dog bites cause an estimated 585,000 injuries resulting in the need for medical attention yearly and children are the most frequent victims. This study sought to determine dog-specific factors independently associated with a dog biting a nonhousehold member. METHODS A matched case-control design comprising 178 pairs of dogs was used. Cases were(More)
CONTEXT The United States has one of the highest fire fatality rates in the developed world, and three quarters of these deaths are in residential fires. OBJECTIVE To compare characteristics of those who die and those who survive in the same residential fire. DESIGN Data on fatal residential fires were collected from the medical examiner and interviews(More)
INTRODUCTION Persons who drive after drinking or ride with drinking drivers are at increased risk of motor vehicle crash. Although alcohol is involved in 40% of fatal motor vehicle crashes yearly, there exist few systems to monitor alcohol-impaired driving. In this study we compare driver- and passenger-based estimates of the prevalence of alcohol-impaired(More)