Jeffrey J Martino

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To gain insight into melanoma pathogenesis, we characterized an insertional mouse mutant, TG3, that is predisposed to develop multiple melanomas. Physical mapping identified multiple tandem insertions of the transgene into intron 3 of Grm1 (encoding metabotropic glutamate receptor 1) with concomitant deletion of 70 kb of intronic sequence. To assess whether(More)
Melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer, is very aggressive and resistant to present therapies. The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) has been reported to be constitutively active in many types of cancer. Constitutively active NF-kappaB seen in melanoma likely plays a central role in cell survival and growth. We have established(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (Grm1, formerly mGluR1) is a G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) normally expressed and functional in the central nervous system. Studies of our transgenic mouse melanoma model (TG-3) revealed that ectopic expression of Grm1 in melanocytes is sufficient to induce melanoma development in vivo [P.M. Pollock, K. Cohen-Solal, R.(More)
Although the glutamatergic system usually functions in the CNS, expression has been observed in non-neuronal tissues and a subset of cancers. Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlus) are highly "druggable" GPCRs and thus a priority for validation as therapeutic targets. We have previously reported that the aberrant expression of mGlu1 is sufficient to(More)
Non-neuronal expression of components of the glutamatergic system has been increasingly observed, and our laboratory previously had demonstrated the etiological role of ectopically expressed metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (Grm1/mGluR1) in mouse models of melanoma. We hypothesize that inappropriate glutamatergic signaling in other cell types can(More)
The mouse Swiss 3T3-F442A/3T3-C2 cell system is well suited for the isolation of genes involved in commitment to adipogenesis. 3T3-F442A cells convert to adipocytes with high efficiency in response to confluence and insulin. The sister clonal line 3T3-C2 does not respond to these signals, but can convert to adipocytes when transfected with DNA from(More)
Rab proteins, a subfamily of the ras superfamily, are low molecular weight GTPases involved in the regulation of intracellular vesicular transport. Cloning of human RAB32 was recently described. Presently, we report the cloning and characterization of the mouse homologue of Rab32. We show that murine Rab32 exhibits a ubiquitous expression pattern, with(More)
Identifying new drugs and targets for melanoma therapy is critical, considering that melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, is resistant to currently available therapeutics. Much work has been focused on finding novel drugs and exploring different treatment options that could increase the overall survival of patients. In our laboratory we have(More)
Cells usually become 'committed' to differentiate long before any actual morphological change is apparent. In one model commitment is a decision which corresponds to the expression of a control gene, while differentiation is the ultimate consequence of that decision. We have been studying adipocyte commitment and differentiation at the molecular level.(More)
Bacterial and fungi were isolated from different tissues (brain, liver, heart) taken from 81 dead newborn mink originating from Aleutian disease (AD) infected and AD-non-infected farms. Of the 123 isolates obtained, 96% were bacterial isolates (predominantly Gram-negative) and 4% were fungi. The prevalence of microorganisms appeared less common in kits from(More)