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BACKGROUND Few data exist on prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of pediatric heart failure hospitalizations. We tested the hypotheses that pediatric heart failure-related hospitalizations increased over time but that mortality decreased. Factors associated with mortality and length of stay were also assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS A retrospective analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited disorder associated with sudden cardiac death. The cytoskeletal protein syntrophin-alpha(1) (SNTA1) is known to interact with the cardiac sodium channel (hNa(v)1.5), and we hypothesized that SNTA1 mutations might cause phenotypic LQTS in patients with genotypically normal hNa(v)1.5 by secondarily disturbing(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac output is a useful measure of myocardial performance. Standard methods of determining cardiac output are not without risk and can be problematic in children. Arterial pulse wave analysis (PulseCO), a novel, minimally invasive cardiac output determination technique, offers the advantage of continuous monitoring, convenience, and low risk.(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac output is a useful measure of myocardial performance. Cardiac output monitoring is frequently performed in critically ill adults to guide physicians' treatment strategies. However, standard methods of determining cardiac output in children are not without risk and can be problematic secondary to their invasive nature and other technical(More)
OBJECTIVE Few data are available on the frequency or importance of perioperative atrial tachycardia in infants. We hypothesized that atrial tachycardia in infants undergoing cardiac surgery is not rare and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. METHODS From 2007 through 2010, 777 infants (median age, 1.8 months; interquartile range,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to review outcomes of pediatric isolated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) managed uniformly at a single institution and assess whether reported adult risk factors for sudden death are predictive in pediatric HCM. BACKGROUND Cardiac death in HCM occurs suddenly (SCD) or may be nonsudden (non-SCD). Little data exists on(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the sequela of right ventricular pacing in children with congenital complete atrioventricular block. BACKGROUND Pacing is a well-accepted therapy for patients with congenital complete atrioventricular block. The long-term sequela of right ventricular pacing in this population has not been well described. METHODS We performed a(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular noncompaction is a cardiomyopathy characterized by excessive trabeculation of the left ventricle, progressive myocardial dysfunction, and early mortality. Left ventricular noncompaction has a heterogeneous clinical presentation that includes arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS We retrospectively reviewed(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of viral genome in rejecting cardiac transplant patients has been reported, with coxsackievirus and adenovirus causing premature graft failure. Recently, parvovirus B19 (PVB19) genome in myocardial samples has been increasingly reported, but its role in cardiac pathology and effect on transplant graft survival are unknown. The(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), the major polyunsaturated fatty acid accumulated in the brain during development, has been implicated in learning and memory, but underlying cellular mechanisms are not clearly understood. Here, we demonstrate that DHA significantly affects hippocampal neuronal development and synaptic function in developing hippocampi.(More)