Jeffrey J. Clare

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Pichia pastoris is a methylotrophic yeast increasingly important in the production of therapeutic proteins. Expression vectors are based on the methanol-inducible AOX1 promoter and are integrated into the host chromosome. In most cases high copy number integration has been shown to be important for high-level expression. Since this occurs at low frequency(More)
After transection of their axons within the sciatic nerve, DRG neurons become hyperexcitable. Recent studies have demonstrated the emergence of a rapidly repriming tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive sodium current that may account for this hyperexcitability in axotomized small (<27 microm diam) DRG neurons, but its molecular basis has remained unexplained. It has(More)
We have used the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris, to express high levels of tetanus toxin fragment C, a potential subunit vaccine against tetanus. In high biomass fermentations fragment C was induced to 27% of total cell protein or about 12 g/l of culture. The purified protein was as effective as native fragment C in immunizing mice. In order to(More)
Sea anemones are an important source of various biologically active peptides, and it is known that ATX-II from Anemonia sulcata slows sodium current inactivation. Using six different sodium channel genes (from Nav1.1 to Nav1.6), we investigated the differential selectivity of the toxins AFT-II (purified from Anthopleura fuscoviridis) and Bc-III (purified(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels are blocked by local anesthetic and anticonvulsant drugs. A receptor site for local anesthetics has been defined in transmembrane segment S6 in domain IV (IVS6) of the alpha subunit, but the anticonvulsant lamotrigine and related compounds have more complex structures than local anesthetics and may interact with additional(More)
Mutations of amino acid residues in the inner two-thirds of the S6 segment in domain III of the rat brain type IIA Na(+) channel (G1460A to I1473A) caused periodic positive and negative shifts in the voltage dependence of activation, consistent with an alpha-helix having one face on which mutations to alanine oppose activation. Mutations in the outer(More)
The expression of mammalian G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) in S. cerevisiae provides a powerful assay system for functional analysis, ligand identification and pharmaceutical screening. However, relatively few receptors have been coupled to the pheromone response pathway via the yeast G(alpha), Gpa1p, or chimeric yeast/mammalian G(alpha) subunits(More)
Retigabine is a novel anticonvulsant with an unknown mechanism of action. It has recently been reported that retigabine modulates a potassium channel current in nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells (), however, to date the molecular correlate of this current has not been identified. In the present study we have examined the effects of retigabine on(More)
We have cloned and expressed the full-length human Na(V)1.6 sodium channel cDNA. Northern analysis showed that the hNa(V)1.6 gene, like its rodent orthologues, is abundantly expressed in adult brain but not other tissues including heart and skeletal muscle. Within the adult brain, hNa(V)1.6 mRNA is widely expressed with particularly high levels in the(More)