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Herpesvirus Saimiri gene 13 (HVS13) exhibits 57% identity with the predicted sequence of a T cell-derived molecule termed CTLA8. Recombinant HVS13 and CTLA8 stimulate transcriptional factor NF-kappaB activity and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in fibroblasts, and costimulate T cell proliferation. An HVS13.Fc fusion protein was used to isolate a cDNA(More)
The p110δ subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI(3)K) is selectively expressed in leukocytes and is critical for lymphocyte biology. Here we report fourteen patients from seven families who were heterozygous for three different germline, gain-of-function mutations in PIK3CD (which encodes p110δ). These patients presented with sinopulmonary(More)
A Paramecium possesses secretory organelles called trichocysts which are docked beneath the plasma membrane awaiting an external stimulus that triggers their exocytosis. Membrane fusion is the sole event provoked by the stimulation and can therefore be studied per se. Using 3 microM aminoethyl dextran (AED; Plattner, H., H. Matt, H.Kersken, B. Haake, and R.(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of wild-type hepatitis A virus (HAV) HM-175 was determined. The sequence was compared with that of a cell culture-adapted HAV strain (R. Najarian, D. Caput, W. Gee, S.J. Potter, A. Renard, J. Merryweather, G.V. Nest, and D. Dina, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82:2627-2631, 1985). Both strains have a genome length of 7,478(More)
The vaccinia virus A39R protein is a member of the semaphorin family. A39R.Fc protein was used to affinity purify an A39R receptor from a human B cell line. Tandem mass spectrometry of receptor peptides yielded partial amino acid sequences that allowed the identification of corresponding cDNA clones. Sequence analysis of this receptor indicated that it is a(More)
Calmodulin has long been suspected to be involved in calcium-regulated exocytosis but its precise site(s) of action has not yet been identified. In Paramecium, a genetic approach to the problem is possible as in vivo-selected mutations in the calmodulin gene that prevent the activation of some channels have been characterized. Three of these calmodulin(More)
The molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) MC159 protein contains two death effector domains (DEDs) that bind to the DEDs of caspase-8 and FADD and inhibit apoptosis. We constructed MC159 truncation mutants and found that the amino-terminal region before the first DED and nearly all the carboxyl terminus after the second DED were dispensable for the(More)
To identify novel antiapoptotic proteins encoded by DNA viruses, we searched viral genomes for proteins that might interfere with Fas and TNFR1 apoptotic signaling pathways. We report here that equine herpesvirus type 2 E8 protein and molluscum contagiosum virus MC159 protein both show sequence similarity to the death effector domains (DEDs) of the(More)
The death-effector domain (DED) is a critical protein interaction domain that recruits caspases into complexes with members of the TNF-receptor superfamily. Apoptosis can also be induced by expressing certain DED-containing proteins without surface receptor cross-linking. Using Green Fluorescent Protein to examine DED-containing proteins in living cells, we(More)