Learn More
Mutations in DAX1 [dosage-sensitive sex reversal-adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) critical region on the X chromosome gene 1; NR0B1] cause X-linked AHC, a disease characterized by primary adrenal failure in infancy or childhood and reproductive abnormalities later in life. Most of these patients have nonsense or frameshift mutations that cause premature(More)
Kisspeptin is a product of the Kiss1 gene and is expressed in the forebrain. Neurons that express Kiss1 play a crucial role in the regulation of pituitary luteinizing hormone secretion and reproduction. These neurons are the direct targets for the action of estradiol-17beta (E(2)), which acts via the estrogen receptor alpha isoform (ER alpha) to regulate(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) mediates estrogen (E2) actions in the brain and is critical for normal reproductive function and behavior. In the classical pathway, ERalpha binds to estrogen response elements (EREs) to regulate gene transcription. ERalpha can also participate in several non-classical pathways, including ERE-independent gene transcription(More)
Genome-wide mutagenesis was performed in mice to identify candidate genes for male infertility, for which the predominant causes remain idiopathic. Mice were mutagenized using N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU), bred, and screened for phenotypes associated with the male urogenital system. Fifteen heritable lines were isolated and chromosomal loci were assigned(More)
Pituitary GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) messenger RNA (mRNA) levels are regulated dynamically during the rat estrous cycle. GnRH-R mRNA levels increase 3-fold on the morning of proestrus and remain elevated throughout the gonadotropin surges, after which they decline rapidly. Because the day of proestrus is characterized by complex changes in the steroidal milieu(More)
The findings and conclusions in this document are those of the authors, who are responsible for its contents; the findings and conclusions do not necessarily represent the views of AHRQ. Therefore, no statement in this report should be construed as an official position of AHRQ or of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The information in this(More)
The classical pathway for estrogen receptor (ER) signaling is mediated by ER binding to an estrogen response element (ERE) in DNA. ERalpha can also act via a nonclassical pathway by altering the activities of other transcription factors (e.g., Sp1, AP-1, or NF-kappaB) at their cognate sites on DNA. We previously generated a mutant form of ERalpha(More)
A pulsatile GnRH signal is required for the maintenance of LH and FSH secretion. Studies in animals and in perifused pituitary cells have shown that continuous exposure to GnRH leads to decreased gonadotropin secretion and a blunted secretory response to subsequent pulses of GnRH, a process referred to as homologous desensitization. In the current study, we(More)