Jeffrey Glassroth

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BACKGROUND Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at increased risk for bacterial pneumonia in addition to opportunistic infection. However, the risk factors for bacterial pneumonia and its incidence in this population are not well defined. METHODS In a multicenter, prospective, observational study, we monitored 1130 HIV-positive(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are increasingly associated with pulmonary disease. This is a worldwide phenomenon and one that is not related just to better diagnostic techniques or HIV infection. The mode of transmission of NTM is not well defined, but environmental exposure may be the major factor. While most exposed and infected individuals never(More)
BACKGROUND The resurgence of tuberculosis in the United States is largely linked to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. Despite this link, the epidemiology of tuberculosis and preventive strategies in patients infected with HIV are not completely understood. OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence and predictors of tuberculosis in HIV-infected(More)
We examined trends in the incidence of specific respiratory disorders in a multicenter cohort with progressive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease during a 5-yr period. Individuals with a wide range of HIV disease severity belonging to three transmission categories were evaluated at regular intervals and for episodic respiratory symptoms using(More)
Because of numerous criticisms of the content and structure of residency training, redesigning graduate medical education (GME) has become a high priority for the internal medicine community. From 2005 to 2007, the leadership of the internal medicine community, working under the auspices of the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine Education Redesign Task(More)
Since pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (PNTM) lung disease was last reviewed in CHEST in 2008, new information has emerged spanning multiple domains, including epidemiology, transmission and pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. The overall prevalence of PNTM is increasing, and in the United States, areas of highest prevalence(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated respiratory infections, most notably Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), but also bacterial pneumonia (BP), result in reductions in lung function that have been studied mainly during the course of acute infection. Whether HIV-associated pneumonias also cause permanent changes in pulmonary function is unknown.(More)
Although the pulmonary complications of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been well described, there is little information on respiratory manifestations of earlier disease. This report describes the respiratory disorders diagnosed over an 18-month period in a cohort of persons with or at risk for HIV infection with variable(More)
Malignancies, particularly Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), are associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Cancer incidence among 1,073 asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals from the Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study cohort, persons from six states followed from 1988 to 1994, was examined. Total cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and predictors of reactivity to tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) and skin test anergy in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and in HIV-seronegative controls. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective, multicenter study of pulmonary complications of HIV(More)